Leonardo da Vinci is the greatest Italian artist who made a great contribution to the art of the High Renaissance, a brilliant scientist, inventor, thinker, musician, the brightest example of a “universal human being.”
Childhood and Education
Leonardo da Vinci was born on April 15, 1452 in Ankiato village near the city of Vinci. The father and mother of the boy were not married, so Leonardo spent his first years with his mother. Soon the father, who served as a notary, took him to his family.
In 1466, da Vinci entered the workshop of the artist Verrocchio in Florence, where he also studied Perugino, Agnolo di Polo, Lorenzo di Credit, Botticelli, visited Ghirlandaio, etc. At this time, Leonardo was fascinated by drawing, sculpture and modeling, studied metallurgy, chemistry, drafting, mastered work with plaster, leather, metal. In 1473 Da Vinci received the qualification of a master in the Guild of St. Luke.
Early creativity and scientific activity
the beginning of the creative path Leonardo almost all his time devoted to work on paintings. In 1472 – 1477 the artist created paintings “The Baptism of Christ”, “Annunciation”, “Madonna and Vase”. In the late 70’s he graduated from the “Madonna with a flower”. In 1481, the first major work was created in the work of Leonardo da Vinci – “Adoration of the Magi”.
In 1482, Leonardo moved to Milan. Since 1487, Da Vinci was developing an aircraft that was based on bird flight. Leonardo created first a simple apparatus based on wings, and then developed the mechanism of an airplane with complete control. However, the idea was not realized, because the researcher did not have a motor. In addition, Leonardo studied the anatomy and architecture, opened botany as an independent discipline
Mature period of creativity
In 1490, Da Vinci creates a painting “The Lady with Ermine”, as well as the famous drawing “Vitruvian Man”, sometimes called “canonical proportions.” In 1495 –
1498, Leonardo worked on one of his most important works – the fresco “The Last Supper” in Milan at the monastery of Santa Maria del Grazie.
In 1502, Da Vinci enlisted in the service of a military engineer and architect to Cesare Borgia. In 1503 the artist creates a painting “Mona Lisa”. Since 1506, Leonardo served under King Louis XII of France.
In 1512, the artist, under the auspices of Pope Leo X, moved to Rome.
From 1513 to 1516, Leonardo da Vinci lives in Belvedere, working on the painting “John the Baptist.” In 1516, Leonardo, at the invitation of the French king, settles in the castle of Clos-Luce. Two years before his death, the artist’s right hand was numb, it was difficult for him to move independently. The last years of his brief biography of Leonardo da Vinci spent in bed.
The great artist and scientist Leonardo da Vinci died on May 2, 1519 in the castle of Clos-Luce near the town of Amboise in France.
Leonardo was demanding and accurate in all his affairs. Even taking a great interest in painting, he insisted on full study of the object before the beginning of the drawing. Leonardo da Vinci made a huge contribution to engineering and hydraulics, the scientist invented a bicycle, a wheel lock, a searchlight, a catapult, etc. Leonardo da Vinci’s manuscripts are priceless. They were fully published only in the 19-20 centuries. In his notes, Leonardo noted not just reflections, but supplemented them with drawings, drawings, and descriptions. The life of Leonardo da Vinci, whose biography was full of incredible events, is described by many famous authors – D. Merezhkovsky, V. Zubov, M. Landrus, R. Jacobbo, A. Gastev, and others. Many of the books about the artist were created for children.