(born October 23, 1932)
He was born into a peasant family in the village of Timonikha, Kharovsky district of the Vologda region. He studied at the FZO school in the town of Sokol, Vologda region, worked as a carpenter, minder, electrician. After serving in the army (19521955) he worked at a plant in Perm, then worked as a worker of the district gaeta “Kommunar” (Vologda region, 1956); from this time began to speak in print. In 1958 he was elected secretary of the district committee of the Komsomol in the Gryazovets district of the Vologda region; in 1959-1964 he studied at the Literary Institute. M. Gorky; in 1963 was admitted to the Union of Writers of the USSR.
Early poems and poems Belova bear the traces of the characteristic moods of the 1950s. (the period of
There is a man from the threshold,
In distressing distances is coming.
Along with many lyricists of the 1950s, the young Belov in the “holy alarm”, in the struggle, in a social impulse, sees the real purpose of man, the only worthy content of life (the poem “Russia”, the poem “Komsomol summer”). Even in his youth, he left his native places, hurrying to escape from the sedentary way and the slow pace of rural life to the attractive brightness, the accelerated-diverse rhythm of urban life. This step seemed a joyous step towards freedom, to unprecedented opportunities; later in the poem “What the accordion sings” the poet will say about this:
And then I did not grieve at all,
Leaving the house lightly.
In the Carpenter’s Stories, the hero Konstantin Zorin (endowed with autobiographical features) remembers how he parted with his village: “… I hated all this with all my heart.” He swore he did not come back here. ” But very soon
The most optimistic, even the festive book of Belov “Lad” (1979). The world of the peasant community, families, farms, the world of work and leisure, crafts and arts, customs and language appears in a perfectly “right” state, in which his history remembers and in what his writer sees. The lad is generated by the correct rhythm of the whole cycle of earthly life. The author is able to combine ethnographic accuracy with moral truth with great tact. His speech itself is picturesque, where it is sincere, where it is mildly ironic, but always strong, it is clear, is clear in concepts and assessments, it is always appropriate to use the popular word in it. A new and uneasy task was set by the writer in the novel “Everything is ahead” (1986) to explore contemporary Russian life, the “human breed” in the conditions of urban confusion of nations, traditions, styles, in the clash of different moral-psychological types. The motives touched in the novel go to Belov’s journalism, intertwining with the main themes of his work with themes of the peasantry, the moral self-determination of man, the preservation of nature and national culture. They found a vivid expression in the writer’s speeches as a people’s deputy of the USSR (19891992) and a member of the Supreme Council (19901991), as well as in a number of articles and books: “Start with personal self-restraint,” “From the Ashes…” (1991) Listen to yourself “(1993). In his “soil” position Belov gravitates to the philosophical and historical views of IA Il’in, whose selected works he prepared and published with his own preface (1993). Peru Belova owns stories for children, humorous miniatures (“The Vologda bay in six parts”), plays (“Prince Alexander Nevsky,” “Over Clear Water,” and others), the movie “Kiss the Dawns…”. Belov is a laureate of the State Prize of the USSR, the Literary Prize named after. L. Tolstoy.