K. Simonov The
Living and the Dead
On June 25, 1941, Masha Artemyeva accompanies her husband Ivan Sintsov to the war. Sintsov goes to Grodno, where their one-year-old daughter remained, and where he himself served as secretary of the editorial staff of an army newspaper for a year and a half. Located near the border, Grodno from the first days gets into the summaries, and to reach the city is not possible. On the way to Mogilev, where the political administration of the front is located, Sintsov sees many deaths, several times falls under bombardment, and even keeps the records of the interrogations made by the temporarily created “troika”. When he reached Mogilev, he went to the printing house, and the next day, along with the younger political instructor, Lusin went to distribute a front-line newspaper. At the entrance to the Bobruisk highway journalists witness an air battle of the troika of “hawks” with significantly superior forces of the Germans and in the future are trying to help our pilots with a downed bomber. As a result, Lyusin is forced to remain in the tank brigade, and the wounded Sintsov for two weeks falls into the hospital. When he is discharged, it turns out that the editorial staff has already left Mogilev. Sintsov decides that he will be able to return to his newspaper, only having good material on hand. Accidentally, he learns about thirty-nine German tanks, killed during the battle in the location of the regiment Fyodor Fedorovich Serpilin, and goes to 176th division, where he unexpectedly meets his old friend, photo reporter Mishka Weinstein. Acquainted with the brigade commander Serpilin, Sintsov decides to stay with him in the regiment. Serpilin tries to dissuade Sintsov, because he knows that he is doomed to fight in the environment, if in the next few hours the order to retreat will not come.
… The war brings Sintsov to the man of tragic fate. Serpilin finished the civil war, commanding the regiment at Perekop, and before his arrest in 1937, he lectured at the Academy named after him. Frunze. He was accused of propaganda of the superiority of the fascist army and was exiled to Kolyma for four years.
However, this did not shake Serpilin’s faith in the Soviet regime. Everything that happened to him, the brigade commander considers an absurd mistake, and the years spent on the Kolyma, ineptly lost. Released by the efforts of his wife and friends, he returns to Moscow on the first day of the war and goes to the front, without waiting for either re-certification or reinstatement in the party.
The 176th division covers Mogilev and the bridge across the Dnieper, so the Germans throw considerable forces against it. Before the start of the battle in the regiment to Serpilin comes Zaychikov’s commander and soon gets seriously wounded. The battle lasts three days; The Germans manage to cut off three regiments of the division from each other, and they are accepted to destroy them one by one. In view of the losses in the command staff, Serpilin appoints Sintsov a political instructor in the company of Lieutenant Khoryshev. Having broken through to the Dnieper, the Germans are completing the encirclement; crushing the other two regiments, they throw aviation against Serpilin. Bearing huge losses, the brigade commander decides to begin a breakthrough. The dying Zaichikov hands Serpilin a division command, however, no more than six hundred people are at the disposal of the new commander, of whom he forms a battalion and, having appointed Sintsov his adjutant, begins to leave the encirclement. One hundred and fifty people remain alive after the night battle, however, Serpilin receives reinforcements: a group of soldiers who have brought out the banner of the division, Brigade gunners with artillery and little doctor Tanya Ovsyannikova, as well as Zolotarev and the unofficial Colonel Baranov, whom Serpilin, despite his former acquaintance, orders to be demoted to the soldiers. On the first day of getting out of the environment, Zaychikov dies.
In the evening of October 1, the group led by Sierpilin with fights breaks into the location of the tank brigade of Lieutenant Colonel Klimovich, in which Sintsov, when he returned from the hospital where the wounded Serpilin was taking him, finds out his school friend. Those who leave the encirclement receive an order to surrender the captured weapons, after which they are sent to the rear. At the exit to the Yukhnovskoe highway, part of the column collides with German tanks and armored personnel carriers, starting to shoot unarmed people. An hour after the disaster Sintsov meets in the forest Zolotarev, and soon they join a little doctor. She has a fever and a dislocated leg; the men take turns taking Tanya. Soon they leave it in the care of decent people, and they themselves go further and get under fire. Zolotarev lacks the strength to drag Sincov, who was wounded in the head, who had lost consciousness; not knowing, alive or dead political instructor, Zolotarev removes his tunic from him and takes the documents, and he goes for help: the surviving soldiers Serpilin led by Khoryshev returned to Klimovich and together with him break through the German rear. Zolotarev is going to follow Sintsov, but the place where he left the wounded man is already occupied by the Germans.
Meanwhile, Sintsov regains consciousness, but can not remember where his documents were, whether he himself had uncovered his shirt with the commissar’s stars, or whether Zolotarev had done it, considering him dead. Not having passed and two steps, Sintsov encounters with the Germans and is taken prisoner, however during the bombing he manages to escape. Crossing the front line, Sintsov goes to the construction battalion, where they refuse to believe his “fables” about the lost party card, and Sintsov decides to go to the Special Section. On the way he meets Lucin, and he agrees to take Sintsov to Moscow, until he learns about the missing documents. Landed near the checkpoint, Sintsov is forced to independently reach the city. This is facilitated by the fact that on October 16, in connection with the difficult situation at the front in Moscow, panic and confusion reign. Thinking that Masha can still be in the city,
… Since the middle of July, Masha Artemyeva is studying at the communication school, where she is trained for sabotage in the rear of the Germans. October 16, Masha is released to Moscow for things, since soon she will have to start the assignment. Arriving home, she finds the sleeping Sintsov. Her husband tells her everything that happened to him during these months, about all the horror that had to be experienced in seventy-odd days of getting out of the environment. The next morning, Masha returns to school, and soon she is thrown into the German rear.
Sintsov goes to the district committee to explain about his lost documents. There he meets with Alexei Denisovich Malinin, a personnel officer with twenty years of experience, who at one time was preparing Sintsov’s documents when he was accepted into the party, and who enjoyed great authority in the district committee. This meeting is decisive in the fate of Sintsov, because Malinin, believing his story, takes a very active part in Sintsov and begins to work to restore that in the party. He invites Sintsov to enroll in the volunteer communist battalion, where Malinin is senior in his platoon. After some delay Sintsov gets to the front.
Moscow replenishment is sent to the 31st Infantry Division; Malinin is appointed as the political instructor of the company, where, according to his patronage, Sintsov is enlisted. Near Moscow, there are continuous, bloody battles. The division is retreating from the positions it takes, but gradually the situation begins to stabilize. Sintsov wrote a note in the name of Malinin stating his “past”. Malinin is going to present this document to the political department of the division, and meanwhile, using a temporary lull, he goes to his company, resting on the ruins of an unfinished brick factory; in a nearby factory pipe, Sintsov, on the advice of Malinin, sets up a machine gun. The shelling begins, and one of the German shells gets inside the unfinished building. A few seconds before the explosion, Malinin falls asleep bricks that have fallen off, so he remains alive.
On November 7, on the Red Square, Serpilin meets Klimovich; This latter informs the general about the death of Sintsov. However, Sintsov also takes part in the parade on the occasion of the anniversary of the October Revolution – their division was replenished in the rear and after the parade is being transferred to Podolsk. For the battle in the brick factory Malinin is appointed commissar of the battalion, he represents Sintsov to the Order of the Red Star and proposes to write a statement on the restoration of the party; Malinin himself had already made a request through the political department and received a reply, where Sintsov’s membership in the party was documented. After the replenishment of Sintsov enlisted the commander of a platoon of submachine gunners. Malinin gives him a description, which should be attached to the statement of reinstatement in the party. Sintsov passes approval to the party bureau of the regiment, However, the divisional commission postpones the solution of this question. Sintsov has a stormy conversation with Malinin, who writes a sharp letter about the Sintsov case directly to the political department of the army. The division commander, General Orlov, arrives to award awards to Sintsov and others and soon dies from the rupture of an accidental mine. In his place appointed Serpilin. Before leaving for the front to Serpilin comes Baranov’s widow and asks for details of her husband’s death. Learning that Baranova’s son is volunteering for revenge for his father, Serpilin says that her husband died a heroic death, although in fact the deceased shot himself while leaving the encirclement near Mogilev. Serpilin goes to Baglyuk’s regiment and on the road passes by Sintsov and Malinin going on the offensive. The division commander, General Orlov, arrives to award awards to Sintsov and others and soon dies from the rupture of an accidental mine. In his place appointed Serpilin. Before leaving for the front to Serpilin comes Baranov’s widow and asks for details of her husband’s death. Learning that Baranova’s son is volunteering for revenge for his father, Serpilin says that her husband died a heroic death, although in fact the deceased shot himself while leaving the encirclement near Mogilev. Serpilin goes to Baglyuk’s regiment and on the road passes by Sintsov and Malinin going on the offensive. The division commander, General Orlov, arrives to award awards to Sintsov and others and soon dies from the rupture of an accidental mine. In his place appointed Serpilin. Before leaving for the front to Serpilin comes Baranov’s widow and asks for details of her husband’s death. Learning that Baranova’s son is volunteering for revenge for his father, Serpilin says that her husband died a heroic death, although in fact the deceased shot himself while leaving the encirclement near Mogilev. Serpilin goes to Baglyuk’s regiment and on the road passes by Sintsov and Malinin going on the offensive. Serpilin says that her husband died a brave death, although in fact the deceased shot himself while leaving the encirclement near Mogilev. Serpilin goes to Baglyuk’s regiment and on the road passes by Sintsov and Malinin going on the offensive. Serpilin says that her husband died a brave death, although in fact the deceased shot himself while leaving the encirclement near Mogilev. Serpilin goes to Baglyuk’s regiment and on the road passes by Sintsov and Malinin going on the offensive.
At the very beginning of the battle, Malinin gets a serious wound in the stomach. He does not even have time to properly bid farewell to Sintsov and tell him about his letter to the political department: the battle resumes, and at dawn Malinin, together with the other wounded, is taken to the rear. However, Malinin and Sintsov in vain accuse the Divisional Commission in the delays: the Sintsov party case was requested by an instructor who had previously familiarized himself with Zolotarev’s letter about the circumstances of the death of Sintsov’s politician, and now this letter lies next to the statement of junior sergeant Sintsov on reinstating the party.
Taking the station Voskresenskoye, Serpilin’s regiments continue to move forward. In view of the losses in the command structure, Sintsov became a platoon commander.
The second book. Soldiers are not born
New, in 1943 Serpilin meets at Stalingrad. The 111th Infantry Division, which he commanded, had already surrounded Paulus’ grouping for six weeks and was waiting for an order for the offensive. Unexpectedly, Serpilin is summoned to Moscow. This trip is caused by two reasons: firstly, it is planned to appoint Serpilin the chief of staff of the army; secondly, his wife dies after the third heart attack. Arriving home and asking the neighbor, Serpilin finds out that before Valentina Yegorovna got sick, her son came to her. Vadim was a non-native for Serpilin: Fyodor Fyodorovich adopted a five-year-old child, marrying his mother, the widow of his friend, the hero of Tolstikov’s Civil War. In 1937, when Serpilin was arrested, Vadim disowned him and took the real father’s surname. He renounced not because he really considered Serpilin “the enemy of the people,” but from a sense of self-preservation, which his mother could not forgive. Returning from the funeral, Serpilin encounters on the street with Tanya Ovsyannikova, who is in Moscow for treatment. She says that after leaving the entourage she was part of the underground in Smolensk. Serpilin informs Tanya about the death of Sintsov. On the eve of his departure, the son asks his permission to transport his wife and daughter to Moscow from Chita. Serpilin agrees and, in turn, tells his son to file a report on sending to the front.
After Serpilin, Lieutenant-Colonel Pavel Artemiev returns to the General Staff and finds out that he is looking for a woman named Ovsyannikov. Hoping to receive information about Sasha Masha, Artemyev goes to the address indicated in the note, to the house where the woman he loved lived before the war, but managed to forget when Nadya married another.
… The war began for Artemiev near Moscow, where he commanded the regiment, and before that he had served in Transbaikalia since 1939. In the General Staff Artemiev was wounded after a serious injury in the leg. The consequences of this injury still make themselves felt, but he, burdened by his adjutant service, dreams of returning to the front as quickly as possible.
Tanya informs Artemyev about the details of his sister’s death, about which he learned a year ago, although he did not cease to hope for the error of this information. Tanya and Masha fought in the same partisan detachment and were friends. They became even closer when it became clear that Mashin’s husband Ivan Sintsov had brought Tanya out of the circle. Masha went to the turnout, but did not appear in Smolensk; later the partisans learned of her execution. Tanya also reports the death of Sintsov, whom Artemiev has been trying to track down for a long time. Shocked by Tanya’s story, Artemyev decides to help her: provide food, try to get tickets to Tashkent, where parents live in Tanya’s evacuation. Coming out of the house, Artemiev meets Nadia, who had already succeeded in her widowhood, and after returning to the General Staff, once again asks for the dispatch to the front. Having received permission and hoping for the post of chief of staff or regiment commander, Artemyev continues to take care of Tanya: she gives her car outfits that can be exchanged for food, organizes negotiations with Tashkent. – Tanya learns about the death of her father and the death of her brother and that her...
… Sintsov was wounded a week after Malinin. Even in the hospital he began to make inquiries about Masha, Malinin and Artemiev, but he did not learn anything. After discharging, he entered the school of junior lieutenants, fought in several divisions, including in Stalingrad, re-entered the party and after another injury received the post of battalion commander in the 111th Division, shortly after Serpilin left.
Sintsov comes to the division just before the offensive begins. Soon he is summoned by the regimental commissioner Levashov and introduces journalists from Moscow, in one of which Sintsov learns of Lucina. In the course of the battle, Sintsov was wounded, but Kuzmich, the commander, interceded for him with the regiment commander, and Sintsov remains on the front line.
Continuing to think about Artemiev, Tanya comes to Tashkent. At the station she is met by her husband, whom Tanya actually divorced before the war. Considering Tanya as dead, he married another, and this marriage provided Kolchin with armor. Directly from the station, Tanya goes to her mother’s factory and meets the party organizer Alexei Denisovich Malinin. After his injury, Malinin spent nine months in hospitals and underwent three operations, but his health was completely undermined and about returning to the front, which Malinin dreams of, can not be expected. Malinin takes a very active part in Tanya, assists her mother and, summoning Kolchin to her, seeks him to be sent to the front. Soon Tanya comes a call from Serpilin, and she leaves. Arriving at Serpilin at the reception, Tanya meets there Artemyev and understands that nothing but friendly feelings, he does not feel it. Serpilin completes the defeat, saying that a week after Artemyev, as assistant to the chief of the operational department, arrived at the front, “one impudent little woman from Moscow” flew to him under the guise of his wife, and only the fact that he saved the wrath of Artemiev’s bosses, according to Serpilin, an exemplary officer. Realizing that it was Nadia, Tanya puts a cross on her hobby and goes to work in the medical unit. On the first day she goes to receive the camp of our prisoners of war and unexpectedly encounters Sintsov there, who participated in the liberation of this concentration camp, and now is looking for his lieutenant. The story about the machine of death does not become news for Sintsov: he already knows everything from Artemyev, who read in the Red Star a note about the battalion commander-a former journalist-who sought out a brother-in-law. Returning to the battalion, Sintsov finds Artemyev who has come to stay overnight with him. Recognizing that Tanya is an excellent woman to marry on, if not to be a fool, Paul tells of his unexpected arrival at the Nadi’s front and that this woman whom he once loved again belongs to him and literally seeks to become his wife. However, Sintsov, who pours antipathy towards Nadeus from school, sees in her actions the calculation: the thirty-year-old Artemiev has already become a colonel, and if they do not kill, he can become a general.
Soon, Kuzmich opened an old wound, and Army Commander Batyuk insists on his displacement from the 111th Division. In connection with this, Berezhnoy asks a member of the military council of Zakharov not to dismiss the old man at least until the end of the operation and give him an assistant on the drill. So in 111 comes Artemiev. Arriving to Kuzmich with the inspection. trip, Serpilin asks to convey his greetings to Sintsov, on the resurrection of which he learned from the dead the day before. A few days later, in connection with the connection with the 62nd Army, Sintsov was given a captain. Returning from the city, Sintsov finds himself in Tanya. She was seconded to a German hospital, seized, and she was looking for soldiers to guard.
Artemyev manages to quickly find a common language with Kuzmich; For several days he is intensively working, participating in the end of the defeat of the VI German Army. Suddenly he is summoned to the commandant, and there Artemiev witnesses the triumph of his brother-in-law: Sintsov captured a German general, division commander. Knowing about the acquaintance of Sintsov with Serpilin, Kuzmich tells him to personally deliver the prisoner to the army headquarters. However, the joyous day for Sintsov brings Serpilin a great sorrow: a letter comes with a notice of the death of his son, who died in his first fight, and Serpilin realizes that, despite everything, his love for Vadim did not die. Meanwhile, from the headquarters of the front comes the news of the surrender Paulus.
As a reward for working in a German hospital, Tanya asks her boss to give her the opportunity to see Sintsov. Meeting on the road, Levashov accompanies her to the regiment. Taking advantage of the delicacy of Ilyin and Zavalishin, Tanya and Sintsov spend the night together. Soon the military council decides to develop success and launch an offensive, during which Levashov perishes, and Sintsov takes his fingers off his hand, crippled once. Having handed over the battalion to Ilyin, Sintsov went to the medical battalion.
After the victory at Stalingrad, Serpilin was summoned to Moscow, and Stalin suggested that he replace Batyuk as commander-in-chief. Serpilin gets acquainted with the widow of the son and the little granddaughter; daughter-in-law makes the most favorable impression on him. Returning to the front, Serpilin calls at the hospital to Sintsov and says that his report with a request to leave in the army will be considered the new commander of the 111th division, Artemiev was recently confirmed to this post.
The third book. Last summer
A few months before the start of the Belarusian offensive operation, in the spring of 1944, Serpilin, a commander with concussion and a fracture of the collar bone, was taken to the hospital and from there to a military sanatorium. His treating doctor is Olga Ivanovna Baranova. During their meeting in December 1941, Serpilin concealed from Baranova the circumstances of her husband’s death, but she still learned the truth from Commissioner Shmakov. Serpilin’s act forced Baranov to think a lot about him, and when Serpilin got to Arkhangelsk, Baranova volunteered to be his doctor in order to get to know this person.
Meanwhile, a member of the military council of Lviv, summoning Zakharova, raises the question of removing Serpilin from his post, arguing that the army preparing for the offensive for a long time is without a commander.
Sintsov arrives in the regiment to Ilyin. After being wounded, having struggled with a white ticket, he got to work in the operational department of the army headquarters, and his present visit is connected with checking the state of affairs in the division. Hoping for an early vacancy, Ilyin offers Sintsov the post of chief of staff, and he promises to talk with Artemyev. Sintsov has to go to another regiment when Artemyev calls and, saying that Sintsov is summoned to the army headquarters, calls him to him. Sintsov talks about Ilyin’s proposal, but Artemiev does not want to breed familiality and advises Sintsov to talk about returning to service with Serpilin. Both Artemiev and Sintsov understand that the offensive is not far off, in the immediate plans of the war – the liberation of all of Belarus, and hence Grodno. Artemiev hopes that, when the fate of the mother and niece will be clarified, He himself will be able to escape for at least a day to Moscow, to Nadia. He had not seen his wife for more than six months, but, despite all requests, forbids her to come to the front, since her last visit, in front of the Kursk Bulge, Nadia greatly impaired her husband’s reputation; Serpilin then almost removed him from the division. Artemiev tells Sintsov that with Boyko’s chief of staff, acting in the absence of Serpilin, the duties of the army commander, he is working much better than with Serpilin, and that he as a commander has his difficulties, since both his predecessors are here in the army, and often come to their former division, which gives many detractors young Artemyev reason to compare him with Serpilin and Kuzmich in favor of the latter. And suddenly, remembering his wife, Artemiev tells Sintsov how bad it is to live in a war, having an unreliable rear. Having learned by phone, that Sintsov is to travel to Moscow, Paul sends a letter to Nadya. Arriving at Zakharov, Sintsov receives from him and the chief of staff Boyko letters for Serpilin with a request for an early return to the front.
In Moscow, Sintsov immediately goes to the telegraph to give a “lightning” to Tashkent: in March he sent Tanya home to give birth, but for a long time she has no information about her or her daughter. Having sent a telegram, Sintsov goes to Serpilin, and he promises that by the time of the start of the fighting, Sintsov will again be in service. From the army commander Sintsov goes to Nadya’s home. Nadia begins to ask about the smallest details concerning Paul, and complains that her husband does not allow her to come to the front, and soon Sintsov becomes an unwitting witness to clarify the relationship between Nadia and her lover and even participates in expelling the latter from the apartment. Justifying himself, Nadia says that she loves Paul very much, but she can not live without a man. Saying goodbye to Nadia and promising not to tell Pavel anything, Sintsov goes to the telegraph office and receives a telegram from Tanya’s mother, where it says, that his newborn daughter died, and Tanya flew into the army. Having learned these cheerless news, Sintsov goes to Sierpilin to a sanatorium, and he offers to go to his adjutant instead of Evstigneev, who married the widow of Vadim. Soon Serpilin undergoes a medical commission; before leaving for the front, he makes Baranov’s proposal and gets her consent to marry him after the war. The meeting of Serpilin Zakharov reports that Batyuk was appointed the new commander of their front.
On the eve of the offensive, Sintsov receives leave to meet his wife. Tanya talks about their deceased daughter, about the death of her ex-husband Nicholas and the “old party organizer” from the factory; she does not name the surname, and Sintsov never learns that Malinin died. He sees that Tanya is oppressing something, but thinks that this is connected with their daughter. However, Tanya has another misfortune that Sintsov does not know yet: the former commander of her partisan brigade told Tanya that Masha was Sister Artemyev’s sister and Sintsov’s first wife-it might still be alive, as it turned out that instead of being shot, she was hijacked Germany. Without saying anything to Sintsov, Tanya decides to part with him.
According to Batyuk’s plans, Serpilin’s army must become the driving force of the forthcoming offensive. Under the command of Serpilin there are thirteen divisions; The 111th is taken to the rear, to the displeasure of the commander Artemyev and his chief of staff Tumanyan. Serpilin also plans to use them only when taking Mogilev. Reflecting on Artemyev, in which he sees experience combined with youth, Serpilin commends the commander and the fact that he does not like to flaunt before his superiors, even before Zhukov, who recently arrived in the army, who, as the marshal himself recalled, Artemiev served in 1939 on Khalkhin-Gol.
On the twenty-third of June the operation “Bagration” begins. Serpilin temporarily takes Ilyin’s regiment from Artemyev and hands it over to the advancing “mobile group”, which is tasked to close the enemy’s exit from Mogilev; in case of failure in the battle, the 111th division will enter, covering the strategically important Minsk and Bobruisk highways. Artemiev is eager to fight, believing that Mogilev will be able to take along with the “mobile group”, but Serpilin finds this impractical, since the ring around the city is already closed and the Germans are still powerless to break free. Taking Mogilev, he receives an order to attack Minsk.
… Tanya writes to Sintsov that they must part because Masha is alive, but the offensive that began begins to deprive Tanya of the opportunity to transmit this letter: she is being transferred closer to the front to monitor the delivery of the wounded to the hospital. July 3 Tanya meets the “jeep” Serpilin, and the army commander says that with the end of the operation he will send Sintsov to the front line; taking the opportunity, Tanya tells Sintsov about Masha. On the same day she gets injured and asks her friend to send Sintsov a useless letter. Tanya is sent to the front-line hospital, and on the way she learns about the death of Serpilin – he was mortally wounded by a shell fragment; Sintsov, like in 1941, brought him to the hospital, but on the operating table the army commander was already dead.
In agreement with Stalin Serpilin, who did not know about awarding him the rank of colonel-general, they are buried at Novodevichy Cemetery, next to Valentina Yegorovna. Zakharov, who knows Serpilin about Baranova, decides to return her letters to the army commander. Conducting to the airport the coffin with Serpilin’s body, Sintsov visits the hospital, where he learns about Tanin’s wound and receives her letter. From the hospital he is to the new commander Boyko, and he appoints Sintsov chief of staff to Ilyin. This is not the only change in the division – Tumanyan became its commander, and Artemyev, after taking Mogilev, who received the rank of Major-General, Boyko takes over as chief of staff of the army. Having come to the operational department to get acquainted with the new subordinates, Artemiev learns from Sintsov that Masha may be alive. Stunned by this news, Paul says,
Zakharov and Boyko, after returning from Batyuk, remember Serpilin, – his operation is completed and the army is transferred to a neighboring front, to Lithuania.