Communication is communication between people, reflecting the level of their information in any area, which serves as a means of information transfer and as a whole is a necessary “attribute” in the life of each person.
There is, for example, the language of the deaf and dumb, and this is also a means of communication, as it transmits information, and can do it quite emotionally. Even silence itself can be a means of communication, conveying information on the emotional heat or longitude of a pause.
But the best means of communication, that is, the transmission of information, is human speech.
The term “speech” has not one but three meanings. The first is speech as a process of speaking; the second is speech as a product of speaking, that is, text (whether written or oral); and the third is speech as an oratorical genre.
In the first case, we mean the free possession of the mechanism of speech, that is, how much a person is developed intellectually, how quickly he can find the right word, the purity of his speech, the absence of pronunciation defects. Most often, this term means everyday speech, which everyone owns, whether good or bad. The main task of this type of speech is the purpose to convey information to the listener, and for this it is not necessary to have special oratorical abilities, as in the third definition of speech, where speech is elevated to the rank of art. In this case, speech is not just a means of communication, although it also carries information within itself. This is a beautiful, delivered speech, which has a purpose, objectives and themes. It is designed for a certain listener. And if it is regarded as a process, it is more subtle and psychologically calculated. The speeches of the great orators remained in the memory of the descendants as evidence of the culture and high level of development of the people who spoke them. But once again it should be emphasized that these speeches are designed for human psychology, beauty and strength of speech.
The second meaning of speech, that is, speech as a result of the process, is drawn to the choice and use of the means of language: phonetic, lexical. The text carries information in itself, but is not a means of communication in the full sense of the word.
For us, speech is more important as a process, what language tools are used in colloquial speech to make it more informative and at the same time more emotional. To such
means it is possible to carry all kinds of vernaculars, proverbs and sayings, which, on the one hand, reduce the level of normative speech, on the other – enrich it. Speech of the speaker should be simple enough and imaginative, so that the listener does not have a misunderstanding. In colloquial speech, a linguistic device is frequently used, such as a re-interview. Usually, it demonstrates an insufficient level of language proficiency for interlocutors.
Those who participate in communication have their own role, with which certain rights and duties of communicants, possibilities and limitations of communicative behavior are connected.
The main communicative roles are distinguished, such as the role of the addressee, addressee and observer.
The addressee is the speaker, the writing producer of the text, which directs its speech activity to the addressee, thereby influencing it as an object of speech. Simultaneously, this target-object can be considered as the second subject of the speech act, the interlocutor in communication. Especially such relations between the addressee and the addressee are manifested in the dialogue with the inherent change of communicative roles. Each participant of the conversation can perform the role of the addressee in the dialogue, the role of the addressee, and the unfolding symbolic communication reflects the positions, properties and speech activity of both. Such relationships can manifest themselves both in written communication and in the monologic construction of speech, although they are expressed indirectly in these cases.
The main essence of communication is the transmission of information. And you can transmit information in completely different ways, the main thing is for the interlocutors to understand each other. Information can be transmitted by non-verbal means of communication – by gesture, by a nod of the head, facial expressions, etc.
For stylists, colloquial speech can be interesting from a research point of view, since live speech is constantly changing, and tracing these changes is very important. There is normative or literary speech. She rather comes into contact with the oratory, as a vivid example of it can be public speaking.