Pavlov Ivan Petrovich – a famous Russian scientist-physiologist, Nobel Prize winner. He is the author of the doctrine of higher nervous activity and physiology of digestion, the founder of the largest physiological school in Russia. His works have made an invaluable contribution to the development of medicine, psychology and physiology.
Ivan Pavlov was born in Ryazan on September 26, 1849, in the family of a clergyman. From 1860 to 1864 he studied at a religious school, where he was fond of in-depth study of natural sciences. After that I entered the theological seminary. Studying in the final year, the future scientist became acquainted with I. Sechenov’s work on cerebral reflexes. This book made a great impression on Pavlov, and under his influence he decided to devote his further life to science. In 1870 Ivan Petrovich entered the University in St. Petersburg.
After two years of training at the university, Pavlov specializes in physiology, conducts experimental experiments on animals. The scientist pays much attention to the study of the physiology of higher nervous activity. He believed that conditioned reflexes, which are acquired in the course of life, are the highest nervous activity. He also identified this term with the notion of “mental activity”.
Working in the veterinary department of the Medico-Surgical Academy, Pavlov is engaged in the study of the physiology of the circulation. Since 1878, he moved to work at Botkin’s clinic. Here Ivan Petrovich is working on his doctoral thesis on the study of centrifugal cardiac nerves, which he successfully defended in 1883, and since 1886 he has been in charge of the clinic.
After the marriage, Pavlov and his wife left for Germany in 1884, to Germany, where the scientist is interned at the leading physiological laboratories.
From 1890 to 1936, Ivan Petrovich headed the physiological laboratory at the Institute of Experimental Medicine. In 1896 – 1924 years. Pavlov works as head of the Department of Physiology of the Military Medical Academy.
For successful work in the field of physiology of digestion Pavlov receives the Nobel Prize in 1904. He became the very first Russian scientist-laureate of this award.
From 1925 to 1936 years. Ivan Pavlov directs the Institute of Physiology of the USSR Academy of Sciences.
The death of a great scientist overtook February 27, 1936 in Leningrad.