Many sightseeing routes are known in Moscow, today we intend to hold only one. The theme of our excursion is “Ancient monasteries in the White-stone capital”.
Moscow monasteries have long been known as the abodes of Russian Orthodox culture. Here Zaikonospassky monastery, it was founded in the year 1,600 by Tsar Boris Godunov, and then rebuilt under Tsar Aleksei Mikhailovich. This monastery was the center of culture and education in Russia. It was there that for the first time a higher educational institution arose, which gave Russia great educators. It is not hard to guess that this is the Slavic-Greek-Latin Academy, founded in 1687 on the initiative of Simeon of Polotsk.
In 1814 the Slavic-Greek-Latin Academy was transformed into the Moscow Theological Academy
The architecture of the Epiphany Monastery is interesting, the year of its founding is 1292nd. That’s what it’s antiquity! Hard to believe in the authenticity of such dating. The later building is the Church of St. John the Theologian, which is on Novaya Ploshchad. Currently, it houses the Museum of Reconstruction of Moscow.
The Novodevichy Convent, founded by Prince Vasily the Third in 1524, is surprisingly beautiful. Today it is a magnificent architectural ensemble: fortress walls, erected already in the seventeenth century; Smolensky Cathedral, built in 1525; refectory, bell tower (buildings of the late seventeenth century); residential, economic and church buildings on the territory of the monastery. At the present time near the walls of the Novodevichy Convent there is a well-known memorial cemetery where the ashes of the great figures of Russian culture rest: writers, artists, public figures, scientists. Highly artistic are their gravestones, perpetuating the names of their authors – sculptors and artists.
In one of the buildings of the Novodevichy Convent there is a museum, which is a branch of the State Historical Museum. Visiting it, you will learn a lot of interesting not only about the Russian monasteries, but also about the dramatic events of Russian history, about the fate of the disgraced princesses forcibly imprisoned in the Novodevichy Convent.