The callousness of the soul is the most terrible disease in the world. A. P. Chekhov said: “Hurry to do good.” If we first simply do not pay attention to someone else’s grief, drown out the voice of our own conscience, convincing ourselves that then we catch up on lost time, and while there are already so many worries, we will thereby kill the most valuable quality-the ability to do good. This coarsens our heart, covers it with an impenetrable crust, through which no more pleas for help. After the loss of kindness, inevitable loss of morality occurs. And such a person is capable of anything. We must do everything in order not to become callous, indifferent to other people’s misfortunes.
Not surprisingly, a very large part of the works of contemporary writers is devoted precisely to the topic of good.
And the first name is Vasily Shukshin. He was a man with a multifaceted talent: an actor, a director, a writer. From all his works he breathes sincere
warmth, sincerity, love for people. Vasily Makarovich once said: “Every real writer is, of course, a psychologist, but he himself is a patient.” That’s the pain for people, for their sometimes empty and useless life permeated all the stories Shukshin.
In the collection “Conversations with a Clear Moon,” Shukshin shows us a new type of hero. This is a “freak” (he also has a story with this name). Shukshin Freaks are people who are trying to create a “celebration of the soul”, living simply, naturally, without doing other evil. These are the heroes of the stories “Chudik”, “Microscope”, “Master”. But their aspirations to make “people as better” constantly encounter a wall of misunderstanding, alienation, even hostility. It was on this wall that the main character of “Chudika” stumbled into his relationship with the wife of her brother Zoya Ivanovna, who disliked him for something. To the same type of people belongs and the hero of the screenplay “Red Kalina”.
Yegor Prokudin is a person
deeply feeling and experiencing. From the dark thieves’ world he stepped into a new and light. His soul remained pure, he does not want to return to the past. The author shows that true kindness and morality can not disappear without a trace. Or, say, the hero of the work “Such a guy lives.” – an immediate and very kind person. He, of course, can sometimes “bend”, but in his heart he is beautiful. Vasily Shukshin, showing such people, forces the reader and the viewer to believe in good, in his power.
A very interesting story and A. Alexin “Sick and healthy.” The author is interested in morally sick people, the huge harm that they bring. A young talented surgeon is working in the hospital under the guidance of an immoral and mediocre person. Thinking only of his well-being and calm, he forgets that he wears a white coat, that his business is to heal people. To make repairs on time, he closes the hospital and literally expels patients from it. When an accident occurs under the windows of the hospital, instead of immediately sending the injured to the operating room, he instructs them to transfer them to another hospital, because he is afraid that they may die and then “fly in”. This young man is opposed by a young specialist. The conflict was very acute. The author frankly shows, as the head physician enjoys the support of high-ranking individuals. His moral crimes are great. The sick also managed to oppose evil. The author of the story urges us to fight, and not to turn a blind eye to immorality, he writes about the strength of good and nobility, helping to save people, to pull them out of trouble.
In the story G. Shcherbakov “And you never dreamed” it is shown how wrongly the concept of morality is interpreted by adults. Their inconsiderate attitude towards the souls of lovers led to tragedy: one of the young heroes perishes. After reading this story to the end, I want to shout, so that everyone will hear you: “People, be kind to each other, be sensitive!” Good educates and exalts a person, anger and indifference humiliate him. “If you are indifferent to the suffering of others, you do not deserve the name of a person,” said the wise Saadi.