The Battle of Neva and the Battle of Ice

Russia, except the Mongols, threatened and other enemies: from the north, the Swedes and the Germans. Nineteen-year-old Alexander Yaroslavich, a Novgorod prince, in 1240 gamely repulsed the attack of the Swedes. The Swedish flotilla led by Jarl Birger entered the mouth of the Neva and was sent to Novgorod. Birger sent Alexander Yaroslavich a messenger with these words: “If you can, resist, but know that I’m already here and will conquer your land.”

Alexander immediately came forward to meet the Swedes with his military squad and Novgorod militia and took the Swedish camp unawares. Birger did not expect an attack: the ships of the Swedes were standing by the shore, the soldiers were in tents. Novgorodians rushed to the enemy and began to cut it with axes and swords. The battle lasted from dawn to dusk. As the chronicles tell, Alexander himself attacked Birger and wounded his face.

Prince Alexander Yaroslavich returned to Novgorod in victory and received

the honorary nickname “Nevsky”. But in the same 1240, he quarreled with the Novgorodians and left the city. Novgorod was left without a prince during the invasion of the German knights. The Germans captured Izborsk, approached Pskov, burned nearby villages and stood under the city for a week. The Pskovites were forced to open the gates to them, fulfill all the demands of the victors and even their children to be held hostage. After that, the German knights, together with the Chodi tribes, attacked the territory of one of the Novgorod volosts.

At the request of the Novgorod veche, Alexander returned to the prince’s throne and won Pskov. The decisive battle with the German knights took place on April 5, 1242 on the ice of the Peipsi Lake, and therefore went down in history as the Battle of the Ice. The Germans suffered a crushing defeat. The German order was compelled to conclude peace and to renounce all the captured Novgorod and Pskov lands.

XVI century. An excerpt from the “Simeon Chronicle” about the Battle of the Ice

We met at Lake Peipsi; there were a lot of those and

others. Alexander was here with his brother Andrey with a lot of warriors of his father, and Alexander had many brave, strong and strong men, and all were filled with a warlike spirit, and they had hearts like lions. And they said: “Prince, it’s time to lay down your head for you.”

Then there was the Sabbath day, and on the rising of the sun both armies came together. Both the Germans and the Chud broke through the wedge through the shelves. And there was a savage and great slander for the Germans and the Chudis, and there was a crackling from the copies that broke and the sound of sword strikes, so that the ice on the frozen lake was broken up, and there was no ice, because it was covered with blood. ..

The victories of Alexander Nevsky inspired the belief that the young and talented prince would have the courage and strength to march against the Mongol enslavers. However, Alexander Nevsky tried to maintain peaceful relations with the Mongols, thus protecting the Russian lands from their raids.

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The Battle of Neva and the Battle of Ice