The Byzantines respectfully treated science, which they called “philosophy.” To her, they enumerated theology, mathematics, natural history, ethics, politics, grammar, rhetoric, dialectics, astronomy, music and jurisprudence.
Byzantine theologians made a significant contribution to the development of the Orthodox faith. In doing so, they relied on ancient philosophy, using, unlike the European scholastics, the work not only of Aristotle, but also of other ancient scholars. Vainly puzzled over the solution of the problem: how best to know God – by reason or faith? They answered differently the question: God or destiny governs the Universe and human life.
Byzantine science and technology were much ahead of Western Europe.
The Byzantine scientist Leo Mathematicus initiated the algebra by replacing the numerical symbols with alphabetic ones. He invented the Light Telegraph, many ingenious mechanisms, which impressed foreigners. They were mobile statues,
mechanical singing birds, etc.
X century. From the story of the Italian ambassador on the admission of foreign diplomats in the palace of the emperor Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus
Before the throne of the emperor stood a copper, but gilded tree, the branches of which were full of all sorts of birds made of bronze and also gilded. The birds sang, each with its own particular melody. The throne of the emperor was arranged so skillfully that at first it seemed low, almost at ground level, then somewhat higher and, finally, as if hanging in the air. The giant throne was surrounded, as if on duty, by brass or wooden… gilded lions, who madly beat their tails on the ground, opened their mouths, moved their tongues and growled loudly. After I… for the third time bowed before the emperor, saluting him respectfully, I looked up and saw the emperor in completely different clothes, almost under the ceiling of the hall, whereas I had just seen him on the throne a short distance from the earth. I could not figure out how it happened. It must be,
In Byzantium, astronomical observations were carried
out, closely related to Astrology. Byzantine physicians worked on the diagnosis – the recognition of ailments. Chemical knowledge of the Byzantines was enough to adjust the production of glass, ceramics, enamels and paints. They invented the “Greek fire”. Byzantine travelers and pilgrims made many important geographical observations.
Of humanitarian knowledge in Byzantium, jurisprudence and history were particularly respected. The most outstanding Byzantine historian was Procopius of Caesarea, who described the reign of Justinian, his patron. In the XI century. famous scientist encyclopedist Mikhail Psell.
Michael Psell is a theologian, philologist, jurist, physicist, astronomer, biologist. Cleverly adapting to the political situation – survived nine emperors, even became the first minister.
Light Telegraph – signal lights for the transmission of urgent messages over long distances.
Astronomical observations are observations related to astronomy, that is, the science of celestial bodies.
Astrology is the doctrine that according to the location of celestial bodies it is possible to predict the future, the destiny of man.