The theme of nature is the leading theme in world poetry. Developed it and such classics of Russian literature as AS Pushkin and M. Yu. Lermontov.
Very important is the theme of nature in Pushkin’s poetry. Russian nature inspired the poet to create new beautiful works.
One of the vivid examples of such works is the poem “Autumn”. It is known that this time of year was the favorite for the poet. In poetry, autumn is usually associated with moods of sadness, withering, dying. Pushkin’s very withering of nature is regarded as a mighty movement of life.
The lyrical hero of this poem all the other seasons do not bring any pleasure. He loves autumn. Only at this time of year the hero feels fine. He is close to the beauty of the withering of Russian
I love the magnificent nature of wilting,
In crimson and gold clad forests…
Pushkin found true beauty and charm in a modest autumnal nature: “Dull time, eyes of charm! I am pleased with your farewell beauty…”.
Autumn, autumn landscapes affect the poet’s work. It is in the fall that a special inspiration comes to him.
Nature in Pushkin’s work is endowed with a deep philosophical meaning. Her eternal laws Pushkin considers as the deepest wisdom of the world. So, in the poem “Once Again I Visited…” Pushkin describes his impressions of visiting Mikhailovsky, where he spent two years in exile. Thoughts of the poet turn to the past, he sadly reflects about himself and about time.
The poem is very simple in its images and mood. Pushkin enumerates memorable places, the facts of his life (“Here is the disgraced house…”, “Here is a hill with a wooded…”), sees the inexorable run of time (“… and much has changed in life for me, law, I have changed… “).
Once again visiting so familiar places, the poet felt the wisdom of this “general law” – the eternal renewal and triumph of life. He is embodied in his poem in the central image of three pines.
Modest nature has
Thus, the theme of nature plays an important role in Pushkin’s work. It is important for the poet himself to be aware of himself as an integral part of the eternal movement of being. Nature is able to inspire the poet to work, to give him a wonderful state of health. With the help of the environment, Pushkin understands the wisest laws of the universe: everything moves, everything changes, everything is born and dies.
In Lermontov’s lyrics, nature also takes a big place. But this, as in Pushkin’s lyrics, is not just an admiration for Russian nature. Landscapes serve to convey reflections and states of the poet about the world and about oneself.
The poem of 1837 “When the yellowing field is worried…” can be considered unique. It conveys a state of mind, so rare for the lyrical hero Lermontov – happiness, peace, peace in the soul. Only native Russian nature was able to make, even for a short while, the poet happy.
The first three stanzas enumerate the beauty of Russian nature, everything that it is so dear to the hero: the yellowing field is worried, the fresh forest is noisy, the silvery lily of the head nods, the key is playing on the ravine and so on. The last stanza serves as a sort of result:
Then the souls of my anxiety are subdued,
Then the wrinkles on the fore part, –
And I can feel happiness on earth,
And in heaven I see God.
But such harmonious verses are not characteristic for Lermontov. His poetry is the poetry of disharmony, loneliness, disappointment. Often the landscape sketches are transformed by Lermontov into the history of the soul. In the poem “The Clouds,” the lyrical hero identifies himself with the clouds. He, as well as these “heavenly creatures”:
No, you are bored with barren fields.
Strangers are alien to you and are alien to suffering;
Always cold, eternally free,
You have no homeland, no exile.
The poet tries not only to convey, but also to comprehend his condition. In the poem “I’m leaving alone for the road…” he tries to answer the question, why can not he be happy? What does he expect from life?
The lyrical hero aspires only to rest, to unification with the world of nature, from the whole Universe: “It is necessary to me that ever green The dark oak bends and rustled.” Oak here is not only a symbol of nature, but also a symbol of power, vitality, and spiritual harmony.
Thus, nature in the lyrics of Pushkin and Lermontov plays an important role. With its help, not only the landscape theme or the theme of love to the Motherland is revealed. Through the description of nature, poets convey their deep philosophical reflections on the meaning of life, on the laws of being, about human happiness.