Main events, facts and facts on the topic “Religious and cultural life of medieval Europe” in the tables

Main events, facts and facts on the topic “Religious and cultural life of medieval Europe” in the tables

756 – the foundation of the Papal States with the center in Rome.

1054 – schism – the division of the church into the Catholic and Orthodox.

The Cluny movement and the reform activities of Pope Gregory VII:

    The election of Pan Roman by the conclave of the Cardinals; The introduction of the vow of celibacy for priests; Cancel the secular investment.

Crusades – the aggressive campaigns of Europeans to the east in order to save the Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem. Reason – the request of the Byzantine Emperor Alexis I Komnin to help in the fight against the enemies of the Christians of the Seljuk Turks.

Purpose of the Crusades:

The seizure of new territories in the East, enrichment; the desire of the church to strengthen the influence of Catholicism in the East, the acquisition of wealth; attempt of the peasants to obtain land and personal freedom

Consequences of the Crusades:

The loss of popularity of the crusade; the deterioration of relations between the Christian church and Islam; destruction of historical and cultural monuments of the East; conquest and destruction of Constantinople; significant sacrifices among the population; acquaintance of Europeans with new agricultural cultures, crafts, positive changes in everyday life.

The dates of the Crusades:

First: 1096-1099;

Second: 1147-1149;

Third: 1189-1192;

Fourth: 1202-1204;

Fifth: 1217-1221;

Sixth: 1228-1229;

Seventh: 1248-1254;

Eighth: 1270.

Monastic orders

Medieval culture of Western Europe


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Main events, facts and facts on the topic “Religious and cultural life of medieval Europe” in the tables