Kaliningrad region

Kaliningrad region

1. Using the text of the textbook, on the example of the Kaliningrad region, prove that the geographic location of any territory changes over time.

The center of the region, the city of Kaliningrad, was founded as a fortress in 1255 by the Prussians. This group of Baltic tribes inhabited part of the southern coast of the Baltic Sea. In the XIII century. the territory was conquered by the Teutonic Order, but by the name of the Prussians the duchy was named, and then the state of Prussia. The Brandenburg-Prussian state became in 1701 the kingdom of Prussia with its capital in Berlin. Guiding role in the economic and political life of Prussia played Junkership. Prussian kings of the Hohenzollern dynasty in the XVIII – first half of the XIX century. significantly expanded the territory

of the state. In 1871 the Prussian Junkership headed by Bismarck “iron and blood” completed the unification of Germany; The Prussian king became a German emperor. As a result of the revolution of 1918 in Germany, the monarchy in Prussia was liquidated, Prussia became one of the German lands. Until 1945, the city was the center of East Prussia, was called Koenigsberg and was the eastern outpost of Germany. After the Second World War, the territory of the region withdrew to the Soviet Union and became its western frontier. As a result of the collapse of the USSR and the separation of the Baltic republics, the Kaliningrad region was separated from the main body of Russian lands – it became an enclave. Of course, not all territories have such a complicated past, but on the political map of the world there are practically no state borders that would not change their position in the course of history. As a result of the collapse of the USSR and the separation of the Baltic republics, the Kaliningrad region was separated from the main body of Russian lands – it became an enclave. Of course, not all territories have such a complicated past, but on the political map of the world there are practically no state borders that would not change their position in the course of history. As a result of the collapse of the
USSR and the separation of the Baltic republics, the Kaliningrad region was separated from the main body of Russian lands – it became an enclave. Of course, not all territories have such a complicated past, but on the political map of the world there are practically no state borders that would not change their position in the course of history.

2. What problems of the Kaliningrad region are related to the peculiarities of its geographical location? What are the advantages of the geographical situation can be a condition for the successful development of the region?

The main problems associated with the separation of the region from the main territory: the difficulties of communication, supply of different goods. Advantages of the situation, unique deposits of amber, oil, natural gas, brown coal, rock and potassium salt, building resources, highly productive forests allow the regional economy to develop successfully. Sandy beaches of the Baltic coast, covered with pine forests and sometimes unplanned dunes of the Curonian Spit, offer excellent prospects for the development of recreation. In warm summer, beaches can compete with the Black Sea coast, and trekking through the Curonian dunes leaves unforgettable memories for tourists.

3. What areas of development of the region do you consider the most promising? Why?

Prospects for the development of the region are related to the further development of transport and trade links with Europe, with the effective use of local resources.


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Kaliningrad region