Childhood and youth Honore de Balzac

On May 20, 1799, a boy was born in the ancient French city of Tours, on the street of the Italian army, in the house of the assistant to the mayor and trustee of the charitable institutions, Bernard-Frarsois, who changed his plebeian name Balsa to the noble mode of de Balzac. The mother of the future writer Laura Salambie, who came from a family of wealthy merchants, named the baby named Honor and… entrusted his nurse. Balzac recalled: “I did not have time to be born, when I was sent to the village and given to a nurse, the family did not remember my existence for three years, and when I returned to my father’s house, I was so miserable and abandoned that I involuntarily compassed others” .

The Balzac family lived for many years the dream of “really” getting rich, a dream inspired by the time of the “age of gold,” however, never realized. Constant conversations in the family about money echoed in the minds and actions of the little


Once grandfather and grandmother Salambie, who live in Paris, wished to get acquainted with her grandson. A short trip to Paris was the most remarkable event of the first years of Honore’s life. The grandson made a good impression on the old people, and later grandmother told everyone an amusing story, the heroes of which were her grandson and dog named Mush. When little Honoré saw that among the household who had watched the novelty that was fashionable then – the magic lantern, there was no Mush, he “shouted in an imperious tone:” Wait! “” Then he ran out of the living room and immediately returned, dragging the dog to whom he said: “Sit down here, Mush, and look, it will not cost you anything, Grandfather will pay! “

When Honore was eight years old, he was given the Vendome College. There he became addicted to reading. At the changes, when his peers happily frolicked, he sat down under a tree and read French educators, especially Diderot and Rousseau, with enthusiasm, preferring their books to theology and official textbooks. It is not surprising

that soon he acquired the reputation of a lazy and untalented student, but the punishment cell, where he was a frequent visitor, did not frighten him, there he reflected on his purpose. Later Balzac recalled: “As a child, I decided to become a great man and, striking myself on the forehead, said:” There is something here! “I seemed to feel that I was ripening a thought worth expressing, a system worthy of being justified, knowledge worthy of being set forth. “

In 1814, when the family moved to Paris, Balzac continued his studies in private educational institutions. In 1816 the young Onore was enrolled as a freestyler to the Faculty of Law. Three years later he received a bachelor’s degree in law. Studies, at the urging of his father, had to be combined with practical work in the office of the attorney Mervil. Working as a clerk, he got acquainted with a lot of family dramas on the basis of ownership, which later found reflection in his works. At the same time, secretly from his parents, Balzac visited Arsenal’s library and lectures on the history of literature in the Sorbonne, the oldest French university, dreaming of a writer’s career.

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Childhood and youth Honore de Balzac