(25.7.1929 – 2.10.1974)
Shukshin Vasily Makarovich (25.7.1929, village Srostki, Biysk District, Altai Territory, 2.10.1974, village of Kletskaya, Volgograd Region, buried in Moscow), Russian Soviet writer, film director, actor, Honored Artist of the RSFSR (1969). Member of the CPSU since 1955.
He was born into a peasant family. He graduated from the directing department of VGIK (1960). He started publishing in 1959.
In 1963 he published a collection of short stories “Villagers”.
In 1964, according to the scenario of Sh., The film “A guy lives like that”.
In the image of the protagonist, typical for the early works of Sh., The writer was attracted by the immediacy of feelings, the rejection of formalism in human relations, the fullness of vitality. Over time, Sh.’s view of his characters becomes more complicated; The attitude of the author to the “mischievous” sounds more distinct, the polemic with “phantom
people” is intensified, with demagogues and bureaucrats who skillfully adapted to life (the collection “There, in the Distance,” 1968, the movie “Stove-bench”, 1973).
Sh.’s interest in large folk characters was reflected in different ways in the historical-revolutionary novel “Lubavins” (1965, the film “The End of Lubavins”, 1972), in the film novel about Stepan Razin “I came to give you freedom” (1971), in the cycles of short stories (collection “Characters”, 1973, films “Your son and brother”, 1966, “
The theme of the confrontation between the soul of a man of unspirituality of philistine consciousness reaches the great power of artistic embodiment in the film story “Kalina Krasnaya” (1973) and the film of the same name, Sh. Was put on his own script and with his participation as the protagonist.
As an actor was also shot in the films: “Two Fedora”, “I ask for words,” “They fought for their Motherland,” etc. The
of Sh is distinguished by realistic texture, everyday detailing, psychological depth combined with the poetic perception of native nature and people living in unity with her.
The peculiarity of Sh’s creativity is the desire to see the world in the diversity of national and socio-psychological types, attention to the cultural and moral differentiation of modern society, reflecting the complexity of the ongoing life processes. State Prize of the USSR for the performance of the role of Chernykh in the film directed by S. Gerasimov “At the Lake” (1971). The Lenin Prize (1976, posthumously). He was awarded the Order of the Red Banner of Labor.