(1811 – 1848)
Russian critic and publicist. Born June 11 (old style – May 30) in 1811 in the fortress of Sveaborg (Finland), in the family of a naval doctor, and later – a district doctor. My mother was a typical provincial gossip, and my father, a man without gifts, sank under the influence of provincial life. His grandfather was a priest, the father of Nicephorus, according to family legends, a righteous ascetic and ascetic. The characters of the father and mother also affected the son. The mother’s temperament, sharpness and directness of the father were already evident in the young Belinsky. In 1816 the family moved to the town of Chembar (now Belinskiy) of the Penza province. In 1820 he entered the district school, and from 1825 he studied at the Penza gymnasium. Not finishing the teaching in the gymnasium, in 1828 decided to go to Moscow University. At the end of 1829, after many difficulties, he managed to become a student at Moscow University, enrolling in the verbal faculty.
Love to native literature developed from a young age. The young man himself tried to write, compose ballads, stories and considered himself, in his words, “a dangerous rival of Zhukovsky.” At the end of 1830 he moved on to another branch of art: he began to write in prose drama “Dmitry Kalinin”, directed against serfdom. At this time, Belinsky was a public-koshtnym student, but treated this “official koshtu” with hatred.
Among the works are articles, reviews, drama: “Dmitry Kalinin” (1832, drama), “About the Russian story and novels of Gogol” (“Arabesques” and “Mirgorod”) (1835, article), “Nothing About Nothing” (1835), Poems by V. Benediktov (1835), Hamlet by Shakespeare, Mochalov in the Role of Hamlet (1838, cycle of articles), Works in D. Davydov’s Poems and Prose, Hero of Our Time. Op. M. Lermontov… “(1840),” Poems of M. Lermontov… “(1841),” A glance at the Russian literature of 1846 “,” N. A. Polevoy “(1846),” A glance at the Russian literature of 1847 “,” The answer of V. Belinsky (Gogol) “(1847).