Biography of Viktor Vasnetsov

Victor Mihajlovich Vasnetsov – the well-known Russian painter. This outstanding artist decorated the treasury of Russian art with canvases for historical and folklore motifs.

Childhood and youth

Vasnetsov Viktor Mikhailovich was born on May 3, 1848 in the village of Lopyal, Vyatka province, in the family of a priest. In view of his origin, the future painter was educated in a religious school, and later continued his education in a theological seminary. During the training, the gifted young man began to take drawing lessons from the gymnasium teacher NG Chernyshev. The presence of painting skills was noted even by Victor’s father and allowed him to leave school in the seminary at the last year for admission to the Petersburg Academy of Arts. There was completely formed and honed the style of the painter, whose foundations were laid back in the school of arts, where the young man was trained by IN Kramskoy.

The beginning of the creative path


while studying at the Academy, the pictures of the young artist Vasnetsov began to be exhibited. For the first time they were presented in 1869, first in the Academy, and later in other galleries, thanks to the artist’s collaboration with the association of traveling exhibitions. Already in the early works, the author’s handwriting and his inclination to the style of Art Nouveau were noticeable.

Features of creativity

Since 1893, as Vasnetsov’s biography says, he becomes a full member of the Academy of Arts of Russia. He also collaborated with the Union of the Russian people, participating in the illustration of monarchical publications, the most famous of which is “The Book of Russian Sorrow.”

At an early stage of Victor Mihajlovich’s creativity the search of plots and motives is marked. His early paintings are characterized by everyday subjects, reflected in the paintings “Military Telegram”, “Balagany in Paris”, “From an apartment to an apartment,” “Book shop.”

The circle of creative interests of the

outstanding artist was historical, folklore, and later religious topics. One of the most famous paintings of the great Russian painter are paintings based on epic stories and works for children: Bogatyri, Alyonushka, Ivan Tsarevich on the Gray Wolf, Koschey the Immortal, Dobryni Nikitich’s Fight with the Seven-Headed Snake Gorynych.

The religious themes of Vasnetsov’s heritage were reflected in the examples of wall painting in the Vladimir Cathedral in Kiev, the Resurrection Church in St. Petersburg, the Church of the Nativity of John the Baptist on Presnya. Vasnetsov’s talent manifested itself not only in the creation of paintings and wall paintings in temples and cathedrals, but also in the development of architectural projects, in particular the I. Tsvetkov mansion, the annex of the main entrance to the Tretyakov Gallery, St. Alexander Nevsky Cathedral in Moscow and other buildings.

Death. In memory of the artist

The creative heritage of the great Russian artist Vasnetsov, a biography that ends on July 23, 1926 in Moscow, occupies a significant place in the history of national art. The memory of the artist is preserved through the opening and functioning of four museums: in Moscow, in St. Petersburg, in Kirov and the village of Ryabovo in the Kirov region. In the latter there is also a monument to Victor and Appolinary Vasnetsov – outstanding figures of Russian art.

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Biography of Viktor Vasnetsov