Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Blok is the greatest poet, the classic of Russian literature of the 19th and 20th centuries.
Childhood and Education
He was born on November 16, 1880 in St. Petersburg in a highly cultured family.
In 1889 he was sent to the second class of the Vvedensky Gymnasium, which he graduated in 1898. Then he was educated at St. Petersburg University, where he studied first at the Faculty of Law, and then – at the historical and philological. By the way, the rector of the university was his grandfather, A. N. Beketov.
In Blok’s biography the first verses were written at the age of five.
At the age of 16, Alexander Blok was engaged in acting, striving to conquer the stage.
In 1903, Blok married the daughter
The following year, Blok’s poems were published for the first time, published in a collection entitled “Poems about a beautiful lady.”
In 1909 Blok and his wife leave for Italy and Germany. For the work of that period Alexander Blok was accepted into the society “Academy”. In which already consisted Valery Bryusov, Mikhail Kuzmin, Vyacheslav Ivanov, Innokenty Annensky.
In short, Blok’s work contains several directions. For his early works, symbolism is characteristic. Further Blok’s poems consider the social situation of the people. He deeply experiences the tragic fate of mankind, then comes to the idea of mandatory retribution. One of Blok’s most famous poems is “Night, Street, Lantern, Pharmacy.”
Blok also had an interest in children’s literature, wrote many poems, some of them were included in collections for children “All Year Round” and “Fairy Tales”
The last years of life and death
During the revolution, Blok did not emigrate, began to work in the publishing house of Petrograd. The revolutionary events in St. Petersburg were
Before his death, the poet was often sick. On the request to leave the country for treatment and the subsequent petition of Maxim Gorky, the Politburo of the Central Committee of the RCP answered with refusals. After such a decision, Blok refused to take food and medicine, destroyed his notes.
Living in Petrograd in the midst of poverty, Alexander Blok died of heart disease on August 7, 1921.
Biography by dates is placed on a separate page – Block’s chronological table.
- One of Blok’s most famous poems “Night, street, lantern, pharmacy…” as a monument is depicted on the wall of a house in one of the streets of the Netherlands in the framework of the world project “Wall poems”. The name of Alexander Blok was given to the asteroid 2540, discovered in 1971. There is an opinion that for some time before his death the poet was delirious or even mad. He was obsessed with the idea – all copies of the poem “The Twelve” were destroyed. However, the poet died in a clear consciousness, which refutes these rumors.