Karl Linnaeus is a doctor, naturalist, academician, author of the classification of flora and fauna.
Born Karl Linnaeus May 23, 1707 in the village Roshult in Sweden in the family of a priest. Two years later he moved with his family to Stanbrohult. Interest in plants in the biography of Karl Linnaeus manifested itself in childhood. He received his primary education in the school of the city of Växche, and after graduation he entered the gymnasium. Linney’s parents wanted the boy to continue his family business and become a pastor. But the theology of Charles was of little interest. He devoted much time to the study of plants.
Thanks to the urgency of the school teacher Juhan Rotman, the parents allowed Karl to study medical sciences. Then the university stage began. Karl began to study at the University of Lund. And in order to become more familiar with medicine, a year later he moved to Uppsalda University. In addition, he continued to engage in self-education. Together with a student of the same university, Peter Artedi Linnaeus began to revise and criticize the principles of natural science.
In 1729, an acquaintance with W. Celsius, played an important role in the development of Linnaeus as a botanist. Then Charles moved to the house of Professor Celsius, began to get acquainted with his huge library. The basic ideas of Linnaeus on the classification of plants were set forth in his first work “Introduction to the Sexual Life of Plants.”
The period from May to October 1732 he spent in Lapland. After fruitful work during the tour, his book “Brief Flora of Lapland” was published. It was in this work that the story of the reproductive system in the plant world was told in detail. In the following year Linnaeus got carried away with mineralogy, even published a textbook. Then in 1734, in order to study the plants went to the province of Dalarna.
He received his doctorate in medicine in June 1735 at the University of Harderwijk. Linney’s next work, The System of Nature, marked a new stage in his career and, in general, in the life of Linnaeus. Thanks to new contacts and friends, he received the post of superintendent of one of the largest botanical gardens in Holland, in which plants from all over the world were collected. So Karl continued the classification of plants. And after the death of his friend Peter Artedi published his work, later used his ideas of fish classification. During his stay in Holland, Linnea’s works were published: Fundamenta Botanica, Musa Cliffortiana, Hortus Cliffortianus, Critica botanica, Genera plantarum and others.
The scientist returned to his homeland in 1773. There in Stockholm, he took up medical practice, applying his knowledge of plants to treat people. He also taught, was chairman of the Royal Academy of Sciences, a professor at Uppsala University.
Then Carly Linney in the biography went on an expedition to the islands of the Baltic Sea, visited the western and southern Sweden. And in 1750 he became rector of the university, in which he taught earlier. In 1761 he received the status of a nobleman. And on January 10, 1778, Linnaeus passed away.
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