Boris Nikolaevich Yeltsin – state, political figure of the USSR, Russia, the first president of Russia.
Date of birth of Yeltsin – February 1, 1931. The birthplace of Yeltsin is Butka village of the Ural region.
After school he entered the Urals Polytechnic Institute of Kirov. During the student years in the biography of Boris Yeltsin was awarded the title of master of sports in volleyball. After graduation, he worked in the field of construction and construction. At first he was a master, then an engineer, the head of the plant.
In 1975 he became secretary of the regional committee of Sverdlovsk, a year later – first secretary. Then in his biography Boris N. Yeltsin became a deputy of the Supreme Soviet, a member of the Presidium of the USSR, a member of the CPSU Central Committee. He held the post of first secretary of the city committee of Moscow, and in 1987 – of the USSR minister, people’s deputy, and in 1990 – Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR.
In June 1991, in the biography of Boris Nikolayevich Yeltsin, the post of president of the RSFSR was occupied. Soon after the signing of the agreement on the creation of the Commonwealth of Independent States, the collapse of the USSR, all presidential power passed to Yeltsin.
An interesting fact is that in 1992 during Boris Yeltsin’s first official visit to the USA, one of the first cases was a call to writer Alexander Solzhenitsyn, who was living in that country at that time. They had a long conversation, in particular, about the Kuril Islands.
Yeltsin’s economic policy was planned to be radical. But hyperinflation, privatization, and decline in production led to an economic crisis. Also Yeltsin’s rule was marked by a political crisis. Despite attempts to impeach President Yeltsin, as well as the controversial results of the referendum, his power has become stronger.
Then in his biography B. Yeltsin signed a decree on the disbandment of the Supreme Soviet, the creation of the Federal Assembly. In 1996, Yeltsin was elected president for the second time. On December 31, 1999, he announced his resignation.
Boris Yeltsin died on April 23, 2007 as a result of cardiac arrest caused by cardiovascular failure.