(Maeterlinck) Maurice (29. 8.1862, Gent, – 5.5.1949, Nice, France), a Belgian writer. I wrote in French. He was born in the family of a notary. He studied law in Paris. Since 1896 he lived in France. The idealistic symbolist views of early M (set forth in the book The Treasure of the Humble, 1896) – the reaction of protest against bourgeois positivism and the lack of wings of naturalistic art. In 1889 a collection of poems by M. “Teplice” was published, in 1896 – a collection of “12 songs” (in 1900 – “15 songs”). The man in the early plays of M. is a victim of rock (the fairy tale “Princess Malen”, 1889, one-act plays “Untested”, “Blind”, both 1890; drama “Peleas and Melisande”,
In the years of World War I (1914-18), the Moscow publicist branded German militarism. The play “Betrothal” (1918) continues the story of one of the heroes of the “Blue Bird”. Plays written later are less
In 1940, M. went to the United States, returned to France in 1947. Wrote memoirs “Blue Bubbles (happy memories)” (1948). Humanistic plays of the M. of the period 1896-1918 entered the repertoire of the world theater. The Nobel Prize (1911).