Russian satire XVII century. has drawn into its sphere and from time immemorial, since the XII century. popular in our genre of “intelligent alphabet” – works in which individual phrases are arranged in alphabetical order. Until the XVI century. inclusive “sensible alphabets” consisted mainly of church-dogmatic, edifying or church-historical materials. Later they are replenished with everyday and accusatory material, in particular – illustrating the fatality of drinking. In many cases, such alphabets were adapted and specifically for the purposes of schooling.
“The ABC of a naked and poor person”, known in manuscripts also under the titles “The Legend of the Naked and the Poor”, “The History of the naked in alphabetical
People see that they live richly, but we, naked, do not give anything, the devil knows them, where they take care of dengas. I can not find peace for myself, bast shoes and sapagi always grow, but I do not make myself good.
There are also sayings in it, like: “What was it for him to promise, if he himself has nowhere to take”; “I would go on a visit, but not on anything, but nobody calls me”; “Sewed to the holiday odnorotku with korolki (corals), and the stomachs, I have a short”, etc. All of these features of the “ABC of the Naked, along with the typical etymology of its language, put it on a par with such works of satirical literature as the second half of the XVII century. as “Kalyazin petition”, “The Tale of the Sava Pop”, etc. (see below). The “ABC” and in its content and in terms of everyday details should be timed to the second half of the 17th century. and the emergence of it is associated with the environment of the environment, the internal relations of which it reflects. “