Galileo Galilei is a philosopher, an astronomer, a physicist, an inventor, a designer.
He was born on February 15, 1564 in Pisa. In this city, until the age of 11, he went to school. Then he moved to Florence, where he studied at the Benedictine monastery. After this, Galileo entered the University of Pisa. There for three years he studied medicine, geometry, philosophy, mathematics.
Unable to pay for his studies, he returned to Florence, where he soon became acquainted with the Marquis of Monte. It was he who helped Galileo enter the University of Bologna to work as a teacher of mathematics. Then, in the biography of Galileo, the teaching took place in Pisa, and later in the University of Padua. Here was one of the most fruitful periods for the scientist. Work “Mechanics” of Galileo was published in 1593. In it, the physicist Galileo Galilei described his studies of falling bodies, the pendulum, advanced new principles of motion, as opposed to the dynamics of Aristotle.
Thanks to his enthusiasm for astronomy, Galileo proved the truth of the heliocentric model of the structure of the world. Then he designed the telescope himself. Galileo Galileo’s passion for astronomy allowed him to discover many celestial objects. A fame comes to the scientist, recognition. Then he moves to Florence, becomes an adviser at the Tuscan court. There, the biography of Galileo is also filled with research.
The philosophy of Galileo about the organization of the world contradicts Scripture. Propagating the teachings of Nicholas Copernicus, he falls under the court of the Inquisition, where he was forced to utter a text of renunciation. After a short stay in prison, he goes home. Kinematics, resistance of materials was described in Galileo’s last work “Conversations and mathematical proofs of two new sciences”. Galileo invented a compass, a hydrostatic balance, a thermometer, a microscope, and much more.
Galileo Galilei died on January 8, 1642.
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