(1792 – 1853)
Katenin Pavel Alexandrovich (1792 – 1853), poet, critic.
Born December 11 (22 N. s.) In the estate of Shaevo, Kostroma province in a noble family. Received a home education. Childhood years passed in the parental estate.
Katenin’s poetic activity began before the Patriotic War in 1812 with poems connected with the civilian theme: “Our Fatherland Suffers…”, “The Story of Cinna,” etc.
With the outbreak of war, he goes to war, he joins Paris with the Russian army. In 1814 – 15 Katenin wrote the ballads “Singer”, “Natasha”, “Assassin”, “Leshy”. In 1816 he published the ballad “Olga”, opposed to the poetic principles of V. Zhukovsky (the Karamzin-Zhukovsky school). In the arisen polemic with the support of Katenin’s position A. Griboyedov spoke. Katenin influenced the literary views of Griboyedov, Kiichelbecker, A. Odoyevsky, and in 1818-19 and Pushkin. Combat officer, Katenin becomes a member of the “Union of Salvation”, and...
For many years he spent in the countryside, divorced from literary and public life, after the defeat of the Decembrists deprived of like-minded people. In the early 1830s, Katenin attempted to return to literary activity with Pushkin’s assistance; wrote poems and articles, trying to solve the problems of people’s life (idyll “Dura”, “Disabled Gorev”).
Katenin played a significant role in the development of the Russian theater, acting as a playwright, translator, critic and director.
He died in his native Shaevo estate on May 23 (June 4, 1995). 1853.
A brief biography from the book: Russian writers and poets. A short biographical dictionary. Moscow, 2000.