(1792 – 1853)
Katenin Pavel Alexandrovich (1792 – 1853), poet, critic.
Born December 11 (22 N. s.) In the estate of Shaevo, Kostroma province in a noble family. Received a home education. Childhood years passed in the parental estate.
Katenin’s poetic activity began before the Patriotic War in 1812 with poems connected with the civilian theme: “Our Fatherland Suffers…”, “The Story of Cinna,” etc.
With the outbreak of war, he goes to war, he joins Paris with the Russian army. In 1814 – 15 Katenin wrote the ballads “Singer”, “Natasha”, “Assassin”, “Leshy”. In 1816 he published the ballad “Olga”, opposed to the poetic principles of V. Zhukovsky (the Karamzin-Zhukovsky school). In the arisen polemic with the support of Katenin’s position A. Griboyedov spoke. Katenin influenced the literary views of Griboyedov, Kiichelbecker, A. Odoyevsky, and in 1818-19 and Pushkin. Combat officer, Katenin becomes a member of the “Union of Salvation”, and in 1817 – one of the leaders of the Military Society – a secret Decembrist organization. In 1820, being a colonel of the Life Guards of the Preobrazhensky Regiment, for political reasons he was sent into retirement, in 1822 he was deported from St. Petersburg.
For many years he spent in the countryside, divorced from literary and public life, after the defeat of the Decembrists deprived of like-minded people. In the early 1830s, Katenin attempted to return to literary activity with Pushkin’s assistance; wrote poems and articles, trying to solve the problems of people’s life (idyll “Dura”, “Disabled Gorev”).
Katenin played a significant role in the development of the Russian theater, acting as a playwright, translator, critic and director.
He died in his native Shaevo estate on May 23 (June 4, 1995). 1853.
A brief biography from the book: Russian writers and poets. A short biographical dictionary. Moscow, 2000.