War – this is a terrible word, but how much tragic and terrible is behind it!
The Great Patriotic War devoted a lot of works in our literature. These are poems, poems, stories, and novels. Their authors are front-line writers and those who were born after the war ended. But the “fortieth, fatal” is still a bleeding wound in our history.
The terrible and undisguised truth of wartime confronts us in its horrible nakedness from the pages of Viktor Astafyev’s digest “Cursed and killed.” A terrible senselessness, triumphant throughout the Soviet army: the soldiers do not have cartridges, but the detachment has as many as they like; there are no big boots, and the soldier goes into battle in some windings on his legs; a signalman uses his own teeth instead of any necessary tool; guys who do not know how to swim, are sent swimming across the river, and hundreds of them just drown without making a shot at the enemy… All this front-line soldier Astafyev knew firsthand. And in such conditions Soviet soldiers were able to defeat a strong and cruel enemy!
Victor Astafiev portrays in his work and fascist soldiers. They are not like ours, they have other dreams and other psychology. And yet we see the author’s sympathy for these people, also torn out of the habitual life. They also do not want to die and do not want to become murderers. There are among them Germans who try even, if possible, to help those whom they should
Deep tragedy imbued with the story B. Vasiliev “A dawn here are quiet…” The death of young girls who have not seen life yet and not met happiness, shakes the reader. The grief of the sergeant-major Vaskov, who could not save his men, is close to anyone who read this work.
The voice of the deceased soldier hero sounds in Tvardovsky’s famous poem “I’m killed near Rzhev…” It seems that this otherworldly voice of the fallen heroes sounds right in our hearts. And this is to some extent true. After all, we live on this earth precisely because of their great sacrifice, their unprecedented feat.
The theme of the war was also addressed by those writers who themselves did not participate in it. Perhaps the most famous example is the songs of Vladimir Vysotsky “He did not return from battle,” “We are turning the Earth”, “Brotherly Graves” and others. Sometimes you can hear that it would not be worth Vysotsky to write about the war from the first person. But it seems to me, this is correct. After all, we are the heirs of the Great Victory. And all that was with our country – this is our biography. That person who thought and felt like a defender of the Fatherland, will never put on a shirt with a swastika and even jokingly will not shout “Heil!”
Books about war teach us patriotism, but not only. Wise people say: “If you forget about wars, then they are repeated.” We must remember the Great Patriotic War so that the tragedy does not happen again.