In the Tsitsarskaya steppe, near Kiev, stood a hero’s outpost. Ilya Muromets was there ataman, Dobrynya Nikitich – under the ataman, Alyosha Popovich – by the captain. With them were the brave warriors: boyar son Grishka, Vasily Dolgopoly and others. Passing them, no one could go to Kiev. Even the beast and the bird did not pass. Once ran past the ermine, but only left his coat on the outpost. A flying falcon lost a feather here. In an evil hour, there were no heroes at the outpost. Alyosha Popovich was in Kiev, Dobrynya Nikitich was on the hunt. Ilya Muromets also fell asleep in a white tent. Returning from the hunt, Dobrynya noticed a trace from the horse’s hoof in the field near the outpost in the direction of Kiev. Dobrynya Nikitich began to consider a trace the size of a “half-wake”. And he comes to the conclusion that the hero of the horse left him. However, this is probably not Russian, and the mighty hero from the land of Kazars left such a
trace. Dobrynya hastened to gather his comrades at the outpost. They reproached them that they could see the stranger at their outpost.
But now it only remains to follow the stranger, since it is not known what he managed to do in Russia for this time. They decided first to send Vaska Dolgopoly. But Ilya Muromets does not advise him to send: “Vaska has long floors, Vaska walks on the ground – he stumbles, in a fight he will stop and die in vain.” Then the turn fell on Grishka Boyarsky. But the ataman does not want to send it to him either: “Grishka is a kind of boyar, boyar kind of boastful.” He will start boasting in battle and die in vain. ” The choice that fell on Aliosha Popovich, also did not like Ilya Muromtsu. According to him, Alyosha is a kind of priest. Therefore, he can envy gold and silver strangled and perish. Ataman proposes to go after him to pursue Dobryne Nikitich. Under the ataman was supposed to overtake the stranger, cut down his head and bring her to the outpost. Dobrynya Nikitich took a club (a heavy club, reinforced with iron spikes), a sharp sword and a
silk whip. On the Sorochin mountain, he saw in a silver tube that something was turning black in the field. He called a stranger. He turned to the hero and rode to meet him. “From his skoke the earth hesitated, from the rivers, lakes the water splashed out, Dobryny’s horse fell to his knees.” Dobrynya Nikitich was frightened and returned to the brave outpost.
Seeing that the hero is neither alive nor old, Ilya Muromets decides to go himself for a foreigner. On the Sorochin mountain on Burushka in a fierce fist Ilya saw that the hero in the field was teasing. Chuzhenin threw a club weighing ninety poods into the sky (one pood equals 16.38 kg) and caught it with one hand. He plays with it, as if with a feather. Ilya Muromets this made me think. He asked his Burushka-cosmatushka to serve him faithfully. Ataman called to the booster. He turned his horse and galloped toward the hero. “The earth under him shuddered, rivers, lakes splashed out.” Ilya Muromets was not frightened or turned back. “The bogatyrs came together.” The arms of the arms were broken off, but they did not hurt each other. They broke their sabers and damask, and then sharp spears.
They decided to fight in hand-to-hand combat. The whole day they fought, but none of the fight came out victorious. Ilya Muromets swung his right hand and slipped his left foot. So the hero fell to the ground. Nahvalytsik snatched out a sharp knife, sat down on Ilya’s chest. Chuzhenin grinned that the old man went with him to fight, since there were no other heroes in Russia. Advised him to build a pine log cabin and live there on the alms he had collected. At that time Ilya Muromets was gaining strength from the Russian land. When they arrived twice as much, he jumped up and threw up the rival. He flew very high into the sky, and when he fell, he landed in the ground to the waist. And then Ilya said to him: “Well, you are a glorious hero, I’ll let you go on all four sides, only you and Rus leave, but another time the outpost will not fail, beat the ataman, pay duties. Do not wander about in Russia as a swindler. “Ilya Muromets did not chop up his head, but returned to the outpost, where he was amazed at the strength of the hero-foreigner:” … I’ve been traveling around the field for thirty years, I try to beat the heroes, I try to force, and such a hero does not In the epic “At the Bogatyr’s Gates,” three heroes appear before us: Ilya Muromets, Dobrynya Nikitich, Alyosha Popovich, each of whom is capable of defending the Russian land, none of them doubts that a foreigner can defeat him, but in the mouth of the old Ataman Ilya of Murom we hear a not very flattering characteristic of one Alyosha has the nickname Popovich, according to his kind.
And the priests were always famous for their greed. Therefore, Ilya believes that these qualities have been preserved in Alyosha. More hope is placed on Dobrynya. He is more experienced and has seen more in his own time. In the byliny very often Alyosha Popovich appears as a young man. Dobrynya Nikitich is a middle-aged man. And Ilya Muromets is old not so much in appearance as in combat experience. In the epic there is one more typical for the epic image – a hanger. The boasting of a good young man is a poetic form of his “moral unseemliness.” His boasting shows that he is not ready and unable to withstand the trials that are encountered on his way. In the epic text it often happens that the hero can not overcome the enemy first. But in the end he still wins.
The Russian land helps him in this. To the bogatyr she always gives new strength for heroic deeds and heroic deeds. Composer A. P. Borodin (1833-1887) was one of the creators of the Russian classical symphony. With his work “2nd,” Bogatyrskaya “(1876), he opened the heroic-epic direction in Russian symphonism. The heroic theme shone with new faces. In 1896, the composer NA Rimsky-Korsakov (1844-1908) created the opera Sadko (based on the eponymous epic).
This symphonic musical picture is filled, like many of his works, with a special melody that is born when creating works connected with the world of a fairy tale, with the poetry of Russian nature, pictures of folk life. Russian painter VM Vasnetsov (1848 – 1926) turned in his work and the creation of paintings on bylinyh works. The most famous of his paintings “The Three Heroes” (1881 – 1898) is a monumental epic understanding of the epic text. Three faithful bogatyrs stand on the borders of their native land to protect it from the enemy. Russian graphic artist and theatrical artist I. Ya. Bilibin (1876-1942) since 1899 illustrated fairy tales and bylins. Based on epic stories, he created such pictures as “Ilya of Murom liberates Zabava Putyatishnu” and “Ilya Muromets and Nightingale the Robber”. In doing so, he creates his own style, based on the motifs of folk embroideries, lubok, wood carvings. His paintings amaze with their pomp and original decorations.