It is difficult to find a work in the history of literature in which the problems of spirit and morality were not comprehended, moral and ethical values would not be upheld.
The work of our contemporary Valentin Rasputin does not constitute an exception in this connection.
I love all the books of this writer, but especially I was shocked by the story “Fire”, published in the times of perestroika.
The event basis of the story is simple: in the village of Sosnovka warehouses burned. Who saves people’s goods from the fire, but who draws what can be done for themselves. How people behave in an extreme situation, serves as an impetus to the painful thoughts of the protagonist of the story of the driver Ivan Petrovich Egorov, in which Rasputin embodied the folk character of the truth-seeker suffering at the sight of the destruction of the age-old moral basis of being.
Ivan Petrovich is looking for answers to the questions that surround him.
Why “everything turned upside down.” It was not allowed, it was not accepted, it was accepted and accepted, it was impossible – it became possible, it was considered a shame, for a mortal sin – it is revered for dexterity and valor. ” How modern these words sound! After all, in our days, sixteen years after the publication of the work. oblivion of elementary moral principles is not a disgrace, but an “ability to live.”
Ivan Petrovich made the rule of his life “live according to his conscience”, it hurts him that in the fire one-armed Saveliy drags bags of flour into his bathhouse, and “friendly guys – arharovtsy” first grab the boxes of vodka first.
But the hero not only suffers, he tries to find the cause of this moral impoverishment. The main thing is the destruction of the centuries-old traditions of the Russian people: they forgot how to plow and sow, they are used to only taking, cutting, destroying.
In all the works of V. Rasputin, the image of the House (with a capital letter) plays a special role: the house of old Anna,
where her children gather, the Guskov’s house, which does not accept the deserter, the house of Darya, which goes under the water. The inhabitants of Sosnovka do not have this, and the village itself is like a temporary refuge: “Uncomfortable and untidy.” As if they were wandering from place to place, they stopped to wait out the bad weather, and so they got stuck. ” The absence of the House deprives people of the vital basis, goodness, and warmth.
Ivan Petrovich reflects on his place in the world around him, because “nothing is easier than getting lost in yourself.”
Heroes of Rasputin are people who live according to the laws of morality: Egorov, Uncle Misha Hampo, who defended the moral commandment “Do not Steal” at the cost of his life. In 1986, Rasputin, as if foreseeing the future, spoke about the social activity of a person capable of influencing the spiritual atmosphere of society.
One of the most important in the story is the problem of good and evil. Again, I was struck by the prophetic talent of the writer who said: “Good in its pure form has turned into weakness, evil – into force.” From our life, too, the concept of “good man” has gone, we have forgotten how to evaluate the person by her ability to feel someone else’s suffering, empathize.
One of the eternal Russian questions sounds in the story: “What should I do?”. But there is no answer to it. The hero who decided to leave Sosnovka does not find peace. The ending of the story can not be read without excitement: “There is a spring by a small lost man, desperate to find his home.
Silence, not meeting, not seeing off, the earth.
What are you, our silent earth, until you are silent?
And are you silent? “.
Russian writer Valentin Rasputin with civil frankness raised the most pressing problems of time, touched on his most painful points. The very name “Fire” takes on the character of a metaphor that carries the idea of moral unhappiness. Rasputin convincingly proved that the moral defectiveness of an individual inevitably leads to the destruction of the foundations of the life of the people. This is the cruel truth of the story of Valentin Rasputin for me.