From the history of the study of the Pacific Ocean

From the history of the study of the Pacific Ocean

The beginning of the exploration by the Europeans of the Pacific Ocean was laid by Fernand Magellan, who carried out in 1519-1521. trip around the world. Crossing a large water area from east to west, seafarers, to the surprise, never fell into a storm. The ocean was weatherless. This gave grounds to call him Quiet. A lot of information about the nature of the ocean was collected during the voyage of Abel Tasman, Vitus Bering and James Cook.

From the beginning of the XVIII to the end of the XIX century. The physical properties of ocean waters were studied and deep ocean studies were conducted. Especially important results were received by expeditions of the English vessel “Challenger”. The great researcher in the Pacific Ocean was our compatriot Admiral Stepan Makarov, who was a member of the expedition on the Vityaz ship.

The period from the end of the XIX century. is characterized by comprehensive ocean studies conducted from sea-going ships and coastal stations. In the second half of XX century. Interesting and versatile research in the Pacific Ocean was conducted by the Norwegian Tour Heyerdahl and the Frenchman Jacques-Yves Cousteau. Specially created international organizations are studying the nature of the Pacific Ocean at the present stage.


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From the history of the study of the Pacific Ocean