Biography of Tyutchev

Fedor Ivanovich Tiutchev is a famous Russian poet, diplomat and publicist. The author of more than 400 poems.

Early years

Fedor Ivanovich Tyutchev was born on November 23, 1803 in the estate Ovstug of the Orel province.

In the biography Tyutchev primary education was received at home. He studied the poetry of ancient Rome and Latin. Then he studied at the University of Moscow at the Department of Literature.

After graduating from the University in 1821, he began working at the College of Foreign Affairs. As a diplomat sent to Munich. Subsequently, the poet spends 22 years abroad. In the same place was met the greatest and most important in the life of Tyutchev’s love – Eleanor Peterson. In the marriage they had three daughters.

The beginning of the literary path

The first period in Tyutchev’s work falls on 1810-1820. Then were written youthful poems, very archaic and similar to the poetry of the last century.

second period of the writer’s work is characterized by the use of forms of European romanticism and Russian lyrics. During this period his poetry becomes more original.

Return to Russia

And in 1844 Tyutchev returned to Russia. Since 1848, he is the senior censor in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. At the same time, he takes an active part in Belinsky’s circle, which also included Ivan Turgenev, Nikolai Nekrasov, Ivan Goncharov and others.

The third period of his work was the 50’s – the beginning of the 70’s. Tyutchev’s poems in this period do not go to press, and his works he writes mostly on political topics.
The biography of Fedor Tyutchev at the end of the 1860s was unsuccessful both in his personal life and in his creative life. Tyutchev’s collection of lyrics, published in 1868, was not very popular, in short.

Death and heritage

The troubles broke him, his health worsened, and on July 15, 1873, Fyodor Ivanovich died in Tsarskoe Selo. The poet was buried in St. Petersburg at the Novodevichy Cemetery.

Poetry Tyutchev has a

little more than 400 poems. The theme of nature is one of the poet’s most popular lyrics. So the landscapes, the dynamism, the many-sided nature of living nature are shown in such works of Tyutchev: “Autumn”, “Spring waters”, “Enchantress in the winter”, and many others. The image of not only nature, but also mobility, the power of the streams along with the beauty of the water against the sky is shown in Tyutchev’s poem “Fountain”.

Tyutchev’s love lyrics are another important theme of the poet. The turbulence of feelings, tenderness, tension are manifested in Tyutchev’s poems. Love, like a tragedy, as a painful experience, is represented by a poet in verses from a cycle called “Denisievsky”.
Tyutchev’s poems, written for children, are included in the school curriculum and are taught by students of different classes.

Interesting Facts
    Tyutchev was a very amorous man. In his life there was a connection with the Countess of Amalia, then a marriage to E. Peterson. After her death, Tyutchev’s second wife was Ernestina Dernberg. But she also betrayed her for 14 years with another lover – Elena Denisyeva. He devoted poetry to all his beloved women. In total, the poet had 9 children from different marriages. Remaining his whole life in the civil service, Fyodor Ivanovich Tyutchev never became a professional writer. Tyutchev devoted two poems to Alexander Pushkin: “Towards Pushkin’s Liberty” and “January 29, 1837”.

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Biography of Tyutchev