Biography of Nestor Makhno

Nestor Ivanovich Makhno is an anarchist who leads peasant uprisings.

Nestor was born in Ekaterinoslav province in a small village of Gulyaypole. Primary education in the biography of Makhno was received in the school of his native village. A few years later he became a worker at the plant. The theory of anarchism was carried away in the youth circle of communist anarchists, which entered in 1906. Since then, he has participated in several attacks against merchants, industrialists.

Then in the biography of Nestor Makhno there were several arrests, once he was even sentenced to death, but after they replaced the sentence with hard labor. So in 1911 Makhno was placed in Butyrskaya prison.

At the end of the February Revolution, he returned to his homeland, where he soon began to lead the peasant union. One of the actions promoted by Makhno was the establishment of workers’ control at enterprises, the holding of new elections for the zemstvos. Active activity during

1917 in the biography of Makhno led to the fact that he took over the post of chairman of the zemstvos, and then chairman of the Congress of Soviets.

Makhno took part in many congresses of workers, peasants, conferences of anarchists. In 1918 he organized a detachment that opposed the government of the Ukrainian State, later – a partisan detachment to fight the German troops. Then in the biography of Makhno there were performances against Petlyura’s regime, but they ended unsuccessfully.

In 1919, having concluded an agreement with the Red Army, he headed a brigade of troops against the Denikinites. Expressed disagreement with the policy of the Bolsheviks on certain issues, then broke off relations with the Bolsheviks, the Red Army, but continued the confrontation with Denikin.

Then Makhno led the uprising, repulsing Denikin’s offensive. In September 1919, on the initiative of Makhno, a revolutionary insurgent army was created. He also developed an action plan for the establishment of people’s power. So not having carried out the prepared program, Makhno emigrated first to Romania, then after arrest and court sent to the Polish city of Torun. In 1924 he left for Germany, next year – to France. In June 1934, he died while in the hospital in Paris.

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Biography of Nestor Makhno