(1889 – 1963)
Aseev Nikolai Nikolaevich (1889 – 1963), the poet.
He was born on June 28 (July 10, 2006) in the city of Lgov, Kursk region, to the family of an insurance agent. He spent his childhood in the house of his grandfather, Nikolai Pavlovich Pinsky, hunter and fisherman, lover of folk songs and fairy tales and a wonderful storyteller.
In 1909 he graduated from the Kursk real school, entered the Commercial Institute in Moscow and simultaneously listened to lectures at the philological faculty of Moscow University. In 1911 he published his first poems.
Literary life of Moscow captured a young poet, he visited Bryusov’s “evenings”, “dinners” Vyach. Ivanova, meets B. Pasternak, who conquered him all: and appearance, and poetry, and music.
Since 1913, when the selection of poetry by Aseev appeared in the almanac “Lyrics”, his active literary activity begins. After four years he published five collections of original poems: “Night Flute” (1913), “Zor” (1914), “Oksana” (1916), “Letory”, (1915), “The Fourth Book of Poems” (1916).
The First World War begins, and Aseeva is called up for military service. In Mariupol, he is trained in a reserve regiment, which is soon sent closer to the Austrian front. Ill with pneumonia, complicated by outbreak of tuberculosis. He is recognized as unfit for service and sent home on an amendment;
Aseev along with his wife “moved” to the Far East. This long journey through a front, hungry, rebellious country became his way into great poetry (an essay “October on the Far”). In Vladivostok, he collaborated in the newspaper “Peasant and Worker” – the organ of the Council of Workers ‘and Peasants’ Deputies. The October Revolution, which I learned about in Vladivostok, was accepted unconditionally.
At the suggestion of Lunacharsky, Aseev was summoned to Moscow and in 1922 he went there. Renews acquaintance with Mayakovsky, who had a great influence on him. Compositions of his poems are published: “The Steel Nightingale” (1922), “Council of Winds” (1923). Since 1923 Aseev participated in the literary group “Lef” (left front of the arts), headed by Mayakovsky. Until the end of his life Mayakovsky supported him, helped to publish his books.
In the 1920s, poems “Lyrical digression”, “Sverdlovsk storm”, poems about Russian revolutionaries (“The Blue Hussars”, “Chernyshevsky”) appeared. In 1928, after a trip abroad, he wrote poems about the West (“The Road”, “Rome”, “Forum-Capitol”, etc.).
Before the war, Aseev published the poem “Mayakovsky Begins” (“… I wrote a poem about him to at least partially fulfill my duty to him, without him it became harder for me…”, wrote Aseev).
Many of his military poems and poems are pages of the poetic chronicle of the Patriotic War: Radio Broadcasts (1942), The Flight of Bullets, The Last Hour (1944), The Flame of Victory, etc. In 1961, the book Why and Who Needs Poetry ” (1961) Aseev sums up his creativity and his life. In 1963 the poet dies.
A short biography from the book: Russian writers and poets. A short biographical dictionary. Moscow, 2000.