The first works of Dickens are marked by the influence of the English Enlightenment, sentimentalism and romanticism. The plot in them was built mainly in the form of a chain of arbitrary situations, in which the hero-traveler alternately got himself. Meetings with different characters telling their stories gave this hero food for generalizations of life observations, philosophical and moral reflections. Characters of the early novels of Dickens were sharply divided into “bearers” of good and evil, and when they were depicted, the author exaggerated the paints.
In the process of creative development, Dickens overcame the limitations of this view of the world and man. Heroes in his works became more individualized, and their actions acquired a deeper psychological motivation. The struggle between good and evil, previously embodied in external clashes of antagonist characters, eventually moved into the inner world of heroes. The principles of plot construction and the stylistic features of the writer have also changed: they have increasingly expressed the attitude toward a realistic depiction of life. Against the backdrop of the apparent strengthening of realistic tendencies, Dickens’s prose remained in touch with romantic traditions, most vividly manifested in the motives of mystery and miraculous salvation, detective intrigue, the grotesque sharpening of the extremes of human nature,