Sergei Yesenin is one of the most vivid and original poets of the 20th century. In his lyrics, feelings and words, images and thoughts merge. The poet’s talent lies in the fact that he could catch and convey the most gentle shades of emotions and moods that arose in his soul. Such harmony is permeated by Esenin’s whole work: poems about the homeland, about love, about nature and about animals. The richness of the artist’s verbal painting helps us to feel the beauty and power of nature. In his poems, she lives her own rich life, constantly changing: born, growing, dying, sad and happy. Often the poet resorts to the reception of personification, so his nature is always multicolored, multicolored and alive.
Blue and blue (Esenin’s favorite colors) intensify in the landscape descriptions a sense of the vastness of the expanses, for example, “in the evening in blue,” “in the evening the moon,” “blue fire,” “pre-dawn,
blue, early”, etc.,
escaped. landscape: she lives, reacts to the destinies of people. It can not be separated from a person, his feelings, thoughts, mood. This attitude to nature can be seen in the poem “The golden grove has dissuaded.” It is built on a detailed metaphor: the grove appears before us as a living being, which is endowed with the same opportunities and feelings as a human being. She can pronounce “birch, spring language”, “sweet” lyrical hero.
But that language is dear to him not only because the state of nature is very similar to the state of the poet himself:
As the tree drops quietly leaves,
So I drop sad words.
Autumn in nature is compared with the “autumn” in the soul of the lyric hero. This motif of a young youth is introduced by the proposal “the golden grove was discouraged” and continues: “all hears dreams of hemp.” The lyrical hero, on the one hand, takes life as it is:
Whom to spare? Everyone in the world is a stranger.
Will pass, will come and again will leave habitation.
on the other – he is tormented by memories of his youth, of which he thinks not without regret:
I am full of thoughts about my youth.
But I do not regret anything in the past.
And, despite these words, the reality for him is not at all attractive:
Standing alone among the plain is naked,
A crane carries the wind into the distance.
Youth in the memory of the lyrical hero remained as “flowers.” The repeated word “do not pity” further emphasizes the sense of loss.
The ambiguous attitude to the past is reported by the inversion “the golden grove has discouraged”: on the one hand, it “dissuaded”, and “a cheerful language”, and on the other – it is already “not sorry.” However, the author calls it “golden”, that is, it was the best time in the life of the lyric hero. The very epithet “golden” evokes the most beautiful emotions in the reader’s mind.
All epithets, comparisons and metaphors here exist not only for the beauty of forms, but also in order to fully lay out the attitude of the lyric hero to the passing youth: the cranes now fly “sadly”, the hemp “dreams”, the tree “quietly leaves the leaves.”
The nature and lyrical hero in this poem are inextricably linked. All the changes that occur in nature can be observed in the life of a person who is not only a part of it, but must also merge with it in order to achieve harmony with the world.
A special place in Esenin’s lyrics is occupied by images of animals. “Our lesser brothers” are endowed with absolutely all human feelings, including human images, one of which is the tragedy of motherhood. The poem, in which the most dazzlingly described it, is “The Cow”.
From the very first lines, we understand that before us is an old animal that has lived a very difficult life:
Weakened, our teeth fell out,
Scroll of years on the horns.
And its rotten pastureer
On the distillate fields.
The poor cow did not last long. And at the very end of her life she was happy: a calf was born. But this joy turned out to be short:
They did not give his mother a son,
The first joy is not for the future.
The old cow knows that the same fate awaits her as a son:
Soon on buckwheat
With the same filial destiny
Tie her a noose around her neck
And lead to the slaughter.
But the animal is concerned not so much with his own death as with the death of his child. After all, contrary to all opinions, animals are also very hard to part with their children. This poem is filled with compassion for the poor cow, so there are practically no epithets, and if there are, then only those that increase sadness: “the roughhorn is rude,” “the heart is not good for noise,” “sad thought,” “plaintive,” “sad “,” skinny “, and so on.
But, like man, the animal has hope. The last lines of the poem help to understand what the cow dreams about:
Dreams of her white grove
And grassy meadows.
“White Grove” symbolizes life without pain, without sorrow. But this dream does not come true, the very motive is introduced in order to oppose the real life of the one that dreams of a cow.
Thus, the nature in Yesenin’s lyrics appears with all her sorrows and joys, but at the same time only she is able to heal the human soul.