Dante Alighieri is a legendary Italian poet and thinker, the author of the famous poem “The Divine Comedy”, which entered the first row of the “golden fund” of world literature. In the history of national culture, Dante also belongs to the founder of the Italian literary language.
Dante’s life in dates and facts:
1265 – was born in Florence in a family belonging to the urban nobility.
In 1274, Dante, according to his own testimony, first saw Beatrice, who became the love of his entire life. Beautiful Beatrice, early passed away, he devoted a separate cycle of poems, dated by scientists around 1283-1292. By 1292, his lyrical confession “New Life”, which included poems dedicated to Beatrice, belonged to him.
There are reasons to believe that Dante studied at the University of Bologna, where he practiced versification and communicated with recognized poets of his time, and later became addicted to philosophy, willingly
attending lectures and debates on theological topics. It is known that he married a girl from the rich Florentine family Gemma Donati, who gave birth to his four children.
1295 – the beginning of Dante’s social and political activities. Later he occupied various positions in the city government system, he was a member of city councils, and also participated in political struggle.
1301 – due to political repressions, the poet was expelled from Florence with a warning that, if returned, he would be burned at the stake. From this time began a period of wanderings, lasting until the end of his life. For some time Dante lived in Verona, then, presumably, in Bologna; probably traveled to Paris, stayed for two years in Pisa, and spent the rest of his life in Ravenna.
Between 1304 and 1307 years. – wrote a philosophical work “Feast” and a philological treatise “On the national language.”
1307 – began working on the poem “Divine Comedy”, which he completed shortly before his death.
Approximately 1312-1313 years. – wrote
a political treatise “On the Monarchy.”
In 1311, the political situation in Florence changed, and the city authorities came up with an initiative to pardon the exiles: the former convicts were granted the right to return to their homeland provided that the pledge was made. Contrary to the advice of Florentine friends, the poet refused to return to his homeland humiliating way, “diminishing Dante’s glory and honor.” He did the same with the repeated proposal made to him in 1315. Then the signoria declared Dante outlawed and in absentia sentenced him along with his sons to beheaded.
September 13, 1321 – died in Ravenna.