Mikhail Vasilyevich Lomonosov is a great Russian scientist, chemist, physicist, artist, historian, poet and writer, whose works have become known all over the world. He became famous in such areas of knowledge as: astronomy, geology, instrument making, geography and many others.
Mikhail Lomonosov was born on November 8, 1711 in the village of Denisovka in a well-to-do family. From an early age he liked to go out with the father in the sea. These voyages influenced the formation of young Lomonosov’s ideas about the beauty of nature, tempered his character.
Literacy and reading Lomonosov managed to learn as a child. At the age of 14, Mikhail already knew how to write correctly. Having learned that his father wants to marry him, at the age of 19 he
Study and work activity
Driven by the desire for knowledge, he comes to Moscow on foot, where he enters the Slavic-Greek-Latin Academy. There Lomonosov’s life is very difficult and poor. However, thanks to his perseverance, he manages to complete a 12-year course of study in five years.
Among the best students in 1736 sent to study in Germany, where he studies technical and natural sciences, as well as foreign languages and literature. I began to collect my library, which included both ancient authors and contemporaries.
For those times the biography of Mikhail Lomonosov was very rich. He studies a lot of sciences, puts experiments, speaks with lectures. Even with such employment, Lomonosov has time to write poems.
In 1741, Mikhail Vasilievich returned to his homeland.
In 1742, Lomonosov was appointed adjunct of physics at the Petersburg Academy of Sciences, and three years later became a professor of chemistry.
Death and heritage
Lomonosov’s contribution to such sciences as physics, chemistry, geography, astronomy, mineralogy, soil science, geology, cartography, geodesy, meteorology are very great. Literary creativity of Lomonosov contains works in different languages. This – “History of Russia”, the tragedies “Tamara
In 1754, he developed a project of the Moscow University, named later in his honor by the University of Lomonosov. In addition, the biography of Lomonosov is significant by the discovery of the law of conservation of matter, the writing of works on the theory of color, the construction of a set of optical instruments.
Lomonosov also made a great contribution to history. The scientist created the “Brief Russian chronicler with genealogy”, where he described the main events of the history of Russia from 862 to 1725. This edition made it easier to work with historical documents and became very popular among readers.
Death overtook Mikhail Lomonosov at the age of 54 years. The great scientist died of pneumonia on April 4, 1765, and was buried at the Lazarevsky cemetery in St. Petersburg.