Alexey Kondratievich Savrasov

Alexey Kondratievich Savrasov

Alexey Kondratievich Savrasov was the first to open the way to the creation of the Russian lyrical landscape. The pupil of the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture, he relied on the traditions of A. Venetsianov, M. Lebedev. Overcoming the tradition of academic romanticism, Savrasov confidently followed the path of life’s truth.

Who does not know Savrasov’s painting “The Rooks Have Arrived,” shown at the 1st Mobile Art Exhibition in 1871? Less familiar to the wide audience “Winter Landscape” in 1873, belonging to the Ryazan Regional Art Museum.

A native of Moscow, Savrasov often turned to Moscow’s motives. In the “Winter Landscape” the artist shows a quiet corner of the Moscow suburbs. On a winter road a

cart with firewood is moving, in the distance a small house with a smoke from a pipe. Along the road there is an old fence, and behind it are old trees in silvery overflows of frost.

The painter’s palette is built on the subtlest nuances of colors – blue, silvery, pearlescent, in combination with warm golden-pink and brown hues. It creates a feeling of light frosty air. The painting was written in the heyday of Savrasov’s creative talent, in the seventies.

Alexei Kondratievich Savrasov was born in Moscow in 1830, in a poor merchant family. The propensity for drawing was manifested early, and at the end of the initial three-year school, he entered the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture. Together with the picturesque, the pedagogical abilities of the artist also showed themselves early. After graduating from college, Savrasov remains within its walls, directs the landscape class, takes a lively part in the exhibitions of the school. He makes numerous trips: in Ukraine, along the Volga, along ancient Russian cities and their environs, which gives him rich material for work. His fame grows. But fate did not pamper the artist very much. On the path of his life there were many difficulties.

Savrasov died in 1897 in solitude and poverty. His most talented pupil I. Levitan wrote in his obituary about him: “One of the deepest Russian landscape painters did not become… With Savrasov appeared lyricism in the painting of the landscape and boundless love for his native land.”


Alexey Kondratievich Savrasov