The life of the common people has always been difficult. Especially in Russia with its unbearable climate. Especially before the abolition of serfdom. The country was ruled by ruthless, greedy landowners, kings who drove into the coffin of the peasants to achieve their goals. The fate of serfs who built the first railway between Moscow and St. Petersburg was tragic. This way is strewn with the bones of thousands of men. Tragedy dedicated his work to Nekrasov (“The Railroad”). A summary and analysis of it will reveal to us what the poet wanted to convey to the readers with a heightened sense of civic duty.
The theme of the complex life of the Russian people in the work of Nekrasov
The great poet was a truly national writer. He sang of the beauty of Rus, wrote about the plight of the peasants, the people of the lower classes, women. It was he who introduced colloquial speech into literature, thereby enlivening the images presented in the works.
He showed the tragic fate of serf muzhiks in his poetry Nekrasov. The “railway”, the brief content of which we will outline, is a small poem. In it, the author managed to convey the injustice, deprivation and monstrous exploitation to which the peasants were subjected.
NA Nekrasov, “Railway”: a summary
The work begins with an epigraph. In it, the boy Vanya asks the general who built the railway. He answers: Earl Kleinmichel. Thus, Nekrasov began his poem with sarcasm.
Further, readers are immersed in the description of Russian autumn. It is nice, with fresh air, beautiful scenery. The author flies on rails, plunging into his thoughts.
He, hearing about the fact that the road was built by the Earl of Kleinmichel, says that one should not hide the truth from the boy, and begins to talk about the construction of the railway.
The author explains to Vanya that one can not create such a thing alone. The railway was built by a mass of peasants, hungered there. Here these people have found themselves a coffin, because the conditions of their work were inhuman.
The boy heard a crowd of dead people rushing up to the windows of the train. They tell him that people built this road in any weather, lived in dugouts, starved, ached. They were robbed and sabotaged. Now others are reaping the fruits of their labor, and the builders are decaying in the earth. “Do they remember good,” ask the dead, “or did people forget about them?”
The author tells Vanya that one should not be afraid of singing these dead peasants. Shows on the one...who is exhausted from hard work, stands, bent down, and hollows the ground. It’s so hard for people to get their bread. We need to respect their work, he says. The author is sure that the people will endure everything and in the end will pave their way.
Vanya fell asleep and woke up from the whistle. He told his father about the dream. In it he was shown to 5 thousand men and said that this is the builders of the road. Hearing this, he laughed. He said that the peasants are drunkards, barbarians and destroyers, that they can only build their own houses. The general asked not to tell the child about the terrible spectacles, but to show the bright side.
Then the author opened the boy what it was all over. The peasants were deceived, they were not paid anything, they gave only a barrel of wine and forgave them the arrears, which they themselves invented.
So described the construction of the road in his poem Nekrasov “Railroad”. The summary (“briftly” – so it is called in English) can not, of course, convey the pain of the author for a simple deceived person. To experience all the sarcasm and bitterness of injustice, it is worth reading this poem in the original.
Analysis of the work
Poetry is a conversation between the author and fellow traveler with the boy Vanya. The author wanted people to remember how we receive benefits, who is behind it. He also told readers about the greed of their superiors, their inhumanity. About peasant peasants who do not get anything for their work.
All injustice and tragedy of serf life was shown in his work by Nekrasov. The “railway”, the brief content of which we have considered, refers to a few works of the XIX century with a social orientation, telling about the life of a simple people with compassion.
In his poem, the poet notes that the creators of everything great in Russia are simple peasants. However, all laurels go to landlords, counts, contractors who shamelessly exploit the workers and deceive them.
Ends the picture of slavish glee and obedience to his work Nekrasov. The “railroad” (a brief summary of this tells) is built, the peasants are fooled around. But they are so timid and submissive that they rejoice in the crumbs that have fallen to them. In the closing lines Nekrasov makes it clear that he is not happy with this obedience and hopes that the time will come when the peasants will unbend their back and throw off those who sit on it.