ANTON GRIGORIEVICH RUBINSTEIN
Rubinstein is a prominent figure in Russian music, a brilliant pianist, a talented and prolific composer. He wrote 15 operas, 5 oratories, 6 symphonies, 5 piano concertos, about 20 chamber-instrumental ensembles, 4 pianist sonatas, more than 160 songs and songs, and many works for pianoforte. Performing and public activities Rubinstein, especially widely deployed in the 1860s, contributed significantly to the development of the national musical culture. Rubinstein was the initiator and organizer of the St. Petersburg Conservatory (he was its director for a number of years) and the Russian Musical Society, which greatly revitalized the concert life of the country. As a teacher Rubinstein brought up many famous musicians; among them PI Tchaikovsky, music critic G. A. Laroche, the largest pianist Joseph Hoffmann.
Anton Grigorievich Rubinstein was born on November 16 (28), 1829 in the Podolsk village of Vykhvatynets in an intelligent family. The outstanding abilities of the future composer appeared early. For ten years, Rubinstein made his first concert tour of Europe, which “was accompanied by outstanding success.” Rubinstein spent several years abroad improving as a performer, completing his knowledge of the theory of composition, returning to his homeland in 1849, but again in 1854-1858 concert trips abroad. From the late 1850s the most vivid period of Rubinstein’s versatile activity comes.
Among his works the symphonies “The Second” (“Ocean”) and the Fourth (Dramatic), “Persian Songs”, the opera “Demon” and. etc. Peru Rubinstein also owns the book “Music and Musicians”, which is of considerable interest.
Rubinstein died on November 8 (20), 1894, in Peterhof, near St. Petersburg.