Plato is an ancient Greek philosopher.
Plato was born into a family with aristocratic roots. After getting to know Socrates, he accepted his teaching. Then in the biography of Plato there were several trips: to Megarts, Cyrene, Egypt, Italy, Athens. It was in Athens that Plato established his own academy.
His works were presented by the philosopher in the form of dialogues. For the first time the collected works of Plato were compiled by Aristophanes of Byzantium in the 3rd century BC. e. He also arranged the works with trilogy.
The philosophy of Plato has received the greatest expression in the doctrine of cognition, as well as the political and legal direction. The theory of knowledge in Plato is based on two ways of acquiring knowledge – through sensations and the mind.
In his work “State” the philosopher describes a political utopia. Also in his biography Platon considered various types of government represented by timocracy, oligarchy, democracy, tyranny. The next work “Laws” was also devoted to a utopian state. A whole study of the legacy of the philosopher was only possible in the 15th century, when his works were translated from Greek.