Jan Krishtof Zaluski is the main character. A cripple who has no hands from birth; he has a big head, a pale face “with moving sharp features and large, penetrating running eyes.” “The body was very small, the shoulders narrow, the breasts and abdomen were not visible from under a broad beard, with a strong graying.” The legs are “long and thin,” with their help “phenomenon”, as the accompanying, “daringly” subject calls him, removes the cap from his head, combs his beard with a comb, crosses himself, and finally writes on a white slip an “even beautiful line”: “Man created for happiness, like a bird for flight. ” This phrase really became, as Zaluski calls it, an aphorism, and especially popular in Soviet times. But this, stressed Zaluski, is not only an aphorism, but also a “paradox.” ” Man is created for happiness, only happiness is not always created for him, “he says later.) Korolenko, who often showed illnesses and human injuries (right up to the story” Without language “, where the position of a man in a foreign country gives the concept of dumbness to philosophical sounding) emphasizes the Zalussky paradox, not only for a sharper depiction of the relationship between people (Dudarov’s confused arrogance and Zaluski’s dignity) and not for pedagogical purposes, but for the sake of affirming the central idea of all his creativity: “Life…
The main character is Jan Krzysztof Zaluski. He’s a cripple since birth, he has no hands, his head is big, and his face is so pale that only his running eyes can be seen. They are quite perceptive and big, his features are sharp enough.
His small body somewhere hid his shoulders, which in themselves were so small. He had a thick and long beard that covered his small chest and ate a prominent stomach. His legs were rather long and thin. Often referred to him as a “phenomenon” or “dolceus.”
A phrase known in Soviet times, later becoming an aphorism, meant that a person was prescribed happiness, but no one knows if he will have it. Human happiness can be compared to flying a bird, but is not it a paradox? Jan Krzysztof Załuski argued that not every person in life can gain happiness, however he flew. So, Zaluski’s paradox took root, later Korolenko, who many times focused attention on human diseases, actively supported Zaluski’s paradox. In the work of Korolenko there is a famous story “Without language”, where a clear philosophical theme is traced. A person who is in a completely foreign country, absolutely nem.
Focusing on the paradox of Zalusky, Korolenko not only seeks to show human tensions, as can be seen from the arrogance of Dr. Dudarov, as well as his prototype Zalusky, which has a number of merits, and not only for pedagogical purposes. This attention is directed to the main theme of his work. The main features of life for him were good and happiness.
According to Korolenko, life is for that and is given to be happy. Of course, the very notion of “happiness” is quite extensive and understandable, and most importantly, you can get it only when you are striving for it. The main thing is to move forward, no matter what.
Thanks to the misfortune that had been with Zalusky since his birth, he managed to express his thoughts with great certainty.