Creativity Verdi marks the time of the full flowering of the Italian opera, it belongs to the best achievements of world realistic art. Filled with the pathos of freedom and hatred of the oppressors, Verdi’s operas served as the banners of the national liberation struggle against the Austrian yoke, which the Italian people waged throughout the nineteenth century; Their productions were accompanied by violent political demonstrations, subjected to police harassment. It is no accident that contemporaries awarded the composer with the honorable name “Maestro of the Italian Revolution”. Verdiev melodies – bright, courageous, melodious, intelligible – have gained popularity of folk songs.
Giuseppe Verdi was born October 10, 1813 in the village of Le Roncole, Parma province, in a poor family innkeeper. Since childhood, Verdi was forced to make a living. He was not admitted to the Milan Conservatory and began to take private lessons in composition, while continuing to play the piano, organ and conducting. Already at the very beginning of the creative path, Verdi’s desire for opera was determined – in this genre he created twenty-six works later.
Great success came to Verdi with his third opera “Nebuchadnezzar” (1842), which marked the beginning of a number of heroic and patriotic works on legendary and historical subjects, among which stands out “The Battle of Legnano”
At the turn of the 1850s, the central period of Verdi’s creative work begins. He opened three operas – “Rigoletto” (1851), “Troubadour” (1853), “Traviata” (1853), dedicated to the assertion of human dignity and personal freedom, denounce social injustice. They completely revealed the genius of the composer. These works particularly deeply reflected Verdi’s desire for truth and simplicity, for efficiency and bright theatricality. In subsequent operas the Sicilian Vespers (1855), Simon Boccanegra (1857, the second edition of 1881), The Masquerade (1859), The Power of Destiny (1862), Don Carlos (1867, second edition – 1884) – Verdi, with his inherent creative dissatisfaction, searches for new ways, searching for new ways, expanding the range of themes, images and expressive means.
The last operas – “Aida” (1871), “Othello” (1886) and “Falstaff” (1893) are marked by a unique uniqueness. This is the pinnacle of Verdi’s work and the entire Italian opera.
Verdi died in the heyday of glory on January 27, 1901 in Milan.