ABRAMOV, FEDOR ALEXANDROVICH (1920-1983), Russian writer. He was born on February 29, 1920 in with. Verkola Arkhangelsk region in the peasant family. During the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945, a student at the Philological Faculty of Leningrad University went to the front. After the war he completed higher education, became a candidate of science, head of the department of Soviet literature at Leningrad State University. Since 1949 he published literary-critical articles. The first novel, The Brothers and Sisters (1958), marked the beginning of the epic cycle of Pryasliny (other novels Two Winters and Three Years, 1968, and the Roads-Crossroads, 1973), completely published in 1974 and awarded the USSR State Prize (1975). In 1978, Abramov supplemented the cycle with the novel Dom.
The action of tetralogy Pryaslina occurs in the village of Pekashino in the north of Russia and covers the period from the Patriotic War to the early 1970s. After the death at the front of the father, the head of the family becomes the fourteen-year-old Mikhail Pryaslin. Not only care for younger siblings falls on the teenager, but also the duty to work on the collective farm along with adults. The narrative of the Spinning – a typical Russian peasant family, which experienced all the cruel twists and turns of the 20th century – made Abramov one of the most notable representatives of “village prose” – a pleiad of writers engaged in artistic exploration of the
Abramov’s work as a whole was favorably evaluated by criticism, but the prose writer grieved that the main attention was paid to his novels, while he considered important also his works of other genres. So, an important landmark in Abramov’s work was the story Wooden Horses (1978), whose action takes place in his native places – in the Russian North, in Pinega. Pictures of village life, lovingly painted in the story, recall the “wooden and birch-bark kingdom”, in which the childhood of the future writer passed. The main heroine, old woman Vasilisa Milentevna, Abramov attached features to his mother. In 1973, the story was staged, it was staged a performance at the Taganka Theater (director Yu. Lyubimov).
Abramov comprehends the life of his heroes both in the military and post-war years, and in the late 1970s, when the peasants’ struggle for survival was at the center of the attention of the writers, it was not so much the peasant’s struggle for survival as the outlook of a person spiritually connected with nature. Natural diligence, the mind and moral strength of the peasants shown in Abramov’s works prove to be stronger than the harsh external circumstances.
Abramov died in Leningrad on May 14, 1983.