Alexei Nikolayevich Arbuzov (May 13 (26), 1908, Moscow – April 20, 1986) is a Russian playwright.
Arbuzov was born in Moscow, in an intelligent family. In 1914 the family moved to Petrograd, in 1916 began to study at the gymnasium, but did not receive systematic education. The revolution of 1917, famine and severe illness of the mother make Alexei Nikolaevich an orphan at 11 years old. The boy is forced to wander and soon falls into the colony for the hard-to-learn. The theater became a salvation for him. At the Bolshoi Drama Theater, Arbuzov happened to see the play “Robbers” of Schiller, who was shown for the Red Army soldiers who were leaving for the front. A. Blok delivered an introductory speech. The impression was so strong that in this theater he revised all
At the age of 14 he began working as an extrasist at the Mariinsky Theater. At the age of 16, he entered a dramatic studio, under the guidance of P. Gaydeburov, a brilliant actor and director. After graduating from the studio, Arbuzov enters the company of Gaydeburov. In the spring of 1928 he left the theater to create his “Experimental drama workshop” together with a group of young actors. After its disintegration takes part in the organization of a theater on wheels (agitvagon), which travels with performances on small cities of Russia. The theater had no own dramatist, so Arbuzov himself took up his pen. The first multi-act play “Class” was staged in Leningrad, but was not successful. After the failure, Arbuzov went to Moscow and entered the Meyerhold Theater. Soon he became the head of the literary department of the theater of small forms of Proletkult.
He wrote agitation for the theater of small forms of Proletcult. In 1939, together with Valentin Pluchek, he organized the Moscow Theater Studio, which during the Great Patriotic War became a front-line theater that existed until 1947.
The plays of Alexei Arbuzov were successfully staged in many countries of the world, and in the USSR they did not literally go off the stage (“Irkutsk history” was staged more than 9,000 times only in 1960-1961). Many Arbuzov experiments in the field of form testify to the influence of Tennessee Williams and John Osborne.
Laureate of the State Prize of the USSR (1980, with the formulation “for plays of recent years”).
He was buried at the Kuntsevo Cemetery in Moscow.