From the history of cinema

The world’s first cinematographic session took place on December 28, 1895 in Paris. “Moving photo” – the invention of the Lumiere brothers – was a great success. Now it seems to us that in the cinema there is nothing unusual, everything is so simple. But to come up with this simple way of representing reality, humanity could only at the turn of the 20th century.

No art form has such wide possibilities for influencing our perception as a movie: it combines an actor’s game, light and color, different plans, composition and music, a word, noises and sounds… This is the “seventh art” cinematography, absorbed the experience of all the other six arts, because the achievements of cinematography are connected with the development of technology. Cinema is the brainchild of technical progress.

Is it possible to compare modern movies with the first steps of silent movies? But since the invention of cinematography was not so much


In the spring of 1896 in Russia a demonstration of a new invention took place – in St. Petersburg, in the garden “Aquarium”, and in Moscow, in the theater of the operetta. In the entertainment establishments, the “cinematograph” was shown as a technical attraction along with other numbers of the variety show. Demonstrated short films, brought from Paris, which were only 10 -15 minutes. The interest of the spectators was not caused by the content of the pictures, but by the extraordinary nature of the spectacle of “living photography.”

At the very end of the past and the beginning of this century, cinematography is gradually entering the everyday life and becomes one of the most popular shows. Since 1903 in special cities there are special “electrotheaters” for demonstration of films. This gave impetus to the production of new paintings. Now it was impossible to repeat the same program all the time, it was necessary to update the repertoire. It was not profitable for the owners of new entertaining enterprises to buy films in ownership, since

after a few days of the show they lost value for the enterprise, but they could be successfully demonstrated in another. So there was an idea of ​​renting films.

At first the program consisted of five to ten short films. According to their content, they could be divided into two groups: films devoted to real events, and entertainment films that showed circus and variety performances. At first it was just a simple fixation of the actors’ performance. The further development of cinema has led to the emergence of films specifically for the screen.

The first films were shot taking into account the limited possibilities of “silent” cinema. They had many tricks, the plot developed in action. The audience was amused by fights, falls, and often gross jokes. The “stars” of the screen were attracted by the emphatic facial expressions, the comedians cried and beat the dishes. All this cultivated primitive humor.

The creators of the first films adhered to the main theses of the theatrical art. The film was divided into several episodes, which were shot from one fixed point. The actors played the same as on the stage, but at the same time they strongly gesticulated and attached special expressiveness to the person to make up for the lack of speech in the silent cinema.

However, already at this time begin to apply shooting in nature, and this brings the action beyond the theatrical scenery and related conventions. But here, under the open sky, the actors behave as artificially as they do on the stage.

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From the history of cinema