R. Aldington Death of the hero The action takes place in 1890-1918. The work is written in the form of the author’s memories of his peer, a young English officer who died in France at the very end of the First World War. His name appeared on one of the last lists of those who died on the battlefield, when hostilities had long ceased, but the newspapers still continued to publish the names of those killed: “Winterbourne, Edward Frederick George, captain of the Second Company of the Ninth Battalion of the Fodershire Regiment.” George Winterburn believed that his possible death would hurt four people: hisRead More →

Romantic story of Maxim Gorky “Old Woman Izergil” was written in 1894. The composition of the work is “a story in a story”. The narration is conducted on behalf of the author and the heroine of the story of the old woman Izergil. Three parts are subordinated to a common idea: meditation on the true value of human life, the meaning of life, human freedom. The story “Old Woman Isergil” is studied in the course of the 11th grade literature. As an introduction to the works of Gorky’s early work, you can read the summary of “Old Woman Izergil” by chapters. Main characters Old womanRead More →

At the end of November, a train approaches St. Petersburg Station. In one of the carriages of the third class, two passengers sit opposite each other. “One of them was short, about twenty-seven years old, curly and almost black-haired, with gray small but fiery eyes, his nose was wide and flattened, his face was bilious, his thin lips were continually forming into some sort of brazen, mocking and even wicked smile, but his forehead was tall and well formed and brightened the ignobly developed lower part of his face… This is Parfen Semyonovich Rogozhin, the son of a recently deceased rich man who is warmlyRead More →

Italy of the thirties of this century, the working margin of Turin. In these dim scenery unfolds a sad story of the first love of the young girl Ginia to the artist Guido. Ginia works in the studio and leads the company with the factory workers and the neighborhood guys. Once she meets Amelia. About Amelia knows that “she leads a different life.” Amelia – a model, it draws artists – “full face, profile, dressed, undressed.” She likes this work, artists often have a lot of people going to the workshops, you can sit and listen to clever conversations – “cleaner than the movies.” OnlyRead More →

On the sea, Grandfather Agafon and Andreika are fishing in the boat. They pull the fish caught in the net. The boy unintentionally releases the carp into the water, for which the grandfather painfully beats his tarred rope. Andrei is an orphan. When his father left for the Kuban and disappeared, the mother, along with the little Andrei, went in search of him. In the winter, she was very cold and died in the hut of Grandfather Agafon and his wife, who sheltered a woman with a child. His children Grandfather Agathon died in about the time of the epidemic. Grandfather and his wife leftRead More →

Location – England and Scotland. The time of action is the 11th century. The tragedy begins with a conversation between the three witches, who are discussing when they come together again – decide to get together “as soon as the battle ends with the victory of the side of one.” In a military camp near Forres, the Scottish King Duncan listens to the bloody sergeant with joyful news: the cousin of the king, the brave Macbeth, defeated the troops of MacDonald and the Irish, and he himself was killed in combat. Ross tells the king that immediately after the victory the Scottish army underwent aRead More →

The Marquis de Sade Eugénie de France “To lead a man to correct morals by pointing out the proper path” – the reason that prompted the author to create this woeful tale. Rich and noble Franval, corrupted by his education and “newfangled trends,” marries the charming Mademoiselle de Farney. The wife adores her husband, he is “amazingly cold-blooded” to her. Nevertheless, a year later they have a daughter, named Franval Eugenie – “simultaneously a filthy and beautiful creature of nature.” Hardly a child came into the world, Franval begins to implement his infamous design. He separates the baby from the mother and gives to theRead More →

Opens the poem of stanzas about the beautiful nature, torn by the storms of violence and arbitrariness of Greece, the country of the heroic past, bent under the heels of the invaders: “Here and these islands: / Here – Greece, she is dead; / But in the coffin is good; / One scares: where Is there a soul in it? ” Intimidating the peaceful population of the blossoming valleys, a gloomy figure of the demonic horseman appears on the horizon, a stranger both for the enslaved and for the enslavers, eternally bearing the burden of the fatal curse. Symbolical is his name, which literally meansRead More →

Robin Hood – one of the few, together with King Arthur, the legendary hero of English ballads, who went beyond the framework of folklore and became an important cultural reality – on the topic of ballads about him are written secondary literary works, include performances, numerous films and the like. A noble robber lived with his detachment in the Sherwood forest, hunted game, feasted, robbed the rich, gave the conquered to the poor, brought trouble to the foresters, the sheriff. Was there really Robin Hood? Scientists have conducted a number of studies and believe that the events described actually occurred during the reign of theRead More →

Lucian Conversations in the realm of the dead I. Diogenes and Polydeuces Once again Diogenes returns to the land Polidevka Diogenes gives instructions. He must pass on the cunea of ​​Menippus (ridiculing all idle philosophers-debaters) that in the realm of the dead he will have even more occasions for mirth and ridicule, for here tyrants, rich men and satraps are utterly pathetic and powerless. And he advises all philosophers to stop senseless disputes. To the rich, Diogenes tells him to tell him that he does not need to save jewelry, collecting talent for talon, for soon they will go underground, where they will need onlyRead More →