The “Harivansha” poem in brief

The “Harivansha” poem in brief

“The Hari clan” is an ancient Indian epic poem in 3 books, considered an attachment to the “Mahabharata”. The first and third books of the poem set forth the most important Hindu myths about the creation, origin of gods and demons, the legendary kings of the Sun and Moon dynasties, earthly incarnations for the salvation of the world of the god Vishnu, or Hari, in the guise of a boar, a lion man and a dwarf, etc., The second book tells about the most cherished incarnation of Vishnu-Hari as Krishna

In the city of Mathura reigns cruel demon-asura Kansa. He is predicted to die by the hand of the eighth son of his cousin Devaki, the wife of the king of the Yadavas of Vasudeva, and so he imprisons Devaki and Vasudeva in prison, and kills the first six sons as soon as they were born. The seventh son, Balarama, was rescued by the goddess of sleep Nidra, who even before the birth of him brought the conceived fruit into the belly of another Vasudeva’s wife, Rohini, and the eighth, Krishna, was secretly given to the rearing of shepherd Nanda and his wife Yashoda. Soon Balarama falls into the Nanda family, and both brothers grow among shepherds and cowherds in the sunny Vrndavana forest on the banks of the full-flowing Yamuna River. Even in his youth, Krsna performs unparalleled feats. He forcibly forces the serpent King Kali, poisoning the waters of the Yamuna, to leave the river; kills asur Dhenduku, persecuting and intimidating shepherds; pierces

the evil demon-bull Arishtu with his own horn; during a thunderstorm shower sent by the god Indra, pulls out Govardhana from the earth and holds it for seven days in the form of an umbrella over the shepherds and herds of their cows.

The deeds of Krishna, and even more his beauty, cheerful disposition, skill in dancing and playing the pipe, attract the hearts of young shepherds to him, and in the forest of Vrndavana, their cheers are constantly heard when Krishna starts playing games with them, they hear their passionate confessions when he surrenders to them with love, and their grievous complaints when he leaves them.

Learning about the deeds and deeds of Krishna, Kansa understands that the son of Devaki has survived, and calls Krishna and Balarama to fisticuffs in Mathura. Against the brothers, he exposes the mighty demons of the asuras as opponents, but Krsna and Balarama easily defeat all of them, plunging them to the ground with crushing blows. When the annoyed Kansa orders to expel Krishna and all the shepherds from his kingdom, Krsna, like an enraged lion, rushes to Kansa, drags him into the arena and kills. For Kansa’s death, he tries to take revenge on his father-in-law Jarasandha. He collects countless troops that besiege Mathura, but soon turns out to be overwhelmed by the defeated Yadav army led by Krishna.

Soon, Mathura is informed that King Vidarbhi Bhishmaq is going to marry his daughter Rukmini for the Tsar Chedi Shishupala. Meanwhile, Krsna and Rukmini have long been secretly in love with each other, and in Krishna’s appointed wedding day, Krishna takes the bride in his chariot. Sisupala, Jarasandha, brother Rukmini Rukman persecute Krsna, trying to return Rukmini, but Krishna and Balarama put them to flight. The wedding of Krishna and Rukmini is celebrated in the newly built Krishna new capital of Yadavs – Dvaraka. From Rukmini Krishna has ten sons, and later sixteen thousand other wives give birth to him many thousands more children. For many years, Krishna lives happily in Dvaraka and continues to destroy the asuric demons, thereby fulfilling his divine mission on earth. Among the demons killed by him, the most powerful were Naraka. stole the earrings from the mother of the gods Aditi, and Nikumbha, who possessed the magical gift of reincarnation. Krishna is ready to destroy also the thousand-thousand-king Asuras of Banu, but that is protected by the god Shiva, who comes to the aid of Bana and himself enters into a duel with Krsna. The duel is ended by the supreme god Brahma, he appears on the battlefield and reveals the great truth that Shiva and Krishna, the incarnation of Vishnu, are ultimately consubstantial.


The “Harivansha” poem in brief