Under the scorching sun of July 1942, the walking steppes of the Donets steppe with their carts, artillery, tanks were retreating units of the Red Army, children’s homes and gardens, cattle, trucks, refugees were moving… But they did not have time to cross the Donets: they left the river part of the German army. And all this mass of people poured back. Among them were Vanya Zemnukhov, Hula Gromov, Oleg Koshevoy, Zhora Harutyunyants.
But not everyone left Krasnodon. Employees of the hospital, in which there were more than one hundred wounded wounded, placed fighters in the apartments of local residents. Philip Petrovich Lyutikov, left secretary of the underground district committee, and his comrade in the underground Matvey Shulga quietly settled in the safe houses. Komsomolets Seryozha Tyulenin returned home from digging trenches. It so happened that he took part in the battles, he himself killed two Germans and was determined to kill them in the future.
The Germans entered the city during the day, and at night the German headquarters was burnt. It was set on fire by Sergei Tyulenin. Oleg Koshevoi returned from the Donets together with the director of the mine No. 1 bis Valko and on the way asked him to help contact the underground. Valko himself did not know who was left in the city, but he was sure that he would find these people. The Bolshevik and the Komsomol member agreed to keep in touch.
Koshevoy soon became acquainted with Tyulenin.
In the meantime, in order to divert his eyes, Lyutikov began to work with the Germans in electromechanical workshops. He came to the family of Osmukhins who had known him for a long time-to invite Volodya to work. Volodya was eager to fight and recommended to Lyutikov for the underground work of his comrades Tolia Orlov, Zhora Arutyunyants and Ivan Zemnukhov. But when the question of armed resistance came with Ivan Zemnukhov, he immediately began to ask permission to draw in the group and Oleg Koshevoy.
The decisive meeting took place in the “weeds under the barn” of Oleg. A few more meetings – and finally all the links of the Krasnodar underground were closed. A youth organization was formed, called the “Young Guard”.
Protsenko at this time was already in the partisan detachment, which was based on the other side of the Donets. Initially, the detachment acted, and acted well. Then I got surrounded. In a group that was supposed to cover the withdrawal of the bulk of the people, Protsenko, among others, sent the Komsomol member Stakhovich. But Stakhovich was scared, ran away through Donets and left for Krasnodon. Having met Osmukhin, his schoolmate, Stakhovich informed him that he had fought in a partisan detachment and was officially sent by the headquarters to organize a partisan movement in Krasnodon.
Shulgu immediately gave the owner of the apartment, a former fist and a hidden enemy of Soviet power. The appearance where Valko was hiding fell through accidentally, but the policeman Ignat Fomin, who was conducting the search, immediately recognized Valko. In addition, almost all the members of the Bolshevik Party who were not able to evacuate, Soviet workers, public men, many teachers, engineers, noble miners and some of the military were arrested in the city and in the district. Many of these people, including Valko and Shulga, were executed by the Germans, buried alive.