Petr Pavlovich Ershov (February 22 (March 6) 1815, Bezrukovo, Ishim district, Tobolsk province – August 18 (18), Tobolsk) is a Russian poet, writer and playwright.
Born in the family of an official.
Father for business related activities, often moved. The Ershovs crossed the chain of Cossack settlements, visited places where the legends about the times of Ermak and Pugachev were still fresh. In 1824, parents sent Peter and his brother Nikolai to Tobolsk to study. The boys lived in the merchant family of Pilenkovs – relatives of the mother. And when they graduated from high school, his father moved to St. Petersburg, where the brothers went to St. Petersburg University.
In 1831-1835 he studied at the Philosophical and Legal Department of St. Petersburg University. In his student years, Ershov approaches the professor of Russian literature Pyotr Pletnev, meets Vasil Zhukovsky, Alexander Pushkin… At their trial, a nineteen-year-old student gives his
first major work – a fairy tale “The Humpbacked Horse”, after reading which Pushkin praised the novice poet: Now this kind of works can be left to me. ” Pletnev during one of the lectures from the university department read an excerpt from the “Humpbacked Horse” and presented the astonished listeners of the author of a wonderful fairy tale – their fellow student Peter Ershov, who was sitting in the audience.
A fragment from the “Humpbacked Horse” appeared in the “Library for Reading” (1834, v. 3), and in the middle of 1834 the tale of Ershov was published in a separate edition. Success accompanied the young poet: in December of the same year, the first part of the “Siberian Cossack” was approved for printing, and then the second part of this “old one” was approved.
The approaching graduation of the university was connected for a young Siberian with problems. He could not get the desired position, had to part with friends, which he had little, break with the literary environment. Contradictory feelings also evoked farewell
to St. Petersburg itself: much here became dear and merged with the soul of the poet, and on the other hand, Ershova attracted Siberia, which he called “the northern beauty”
After returning to his homeland, he worked for many years as a teacher at the gymnasium of the city of Tobolsk. He was the initiator of the creation of an amateur gymnasium theater. In the theater was engaged in directing. He wrote several plays for the theater: “Rural holiday”, “Suvorov and stationmaster”, comic opera “Yakutian gods”, couplets to “Chereposlovu” NA Chizhov.
Since 1857 the director of the Tobolsk gymnasium.
He published his poems in the “Library for Reading” Senkovsky and in the “Contemporary” Pletnev.