Yu. N. Tynyanov
Death of Vazir-Mukhtar
On March 14, 1828, the inhabitants of the capital were informed of the conclusion of peace with Persia by a cannon shot from the Peter and Paul Fortress. A treatise on peace was brought from the main apartment of the Russian army in Tehran by collegiate adviser Griboyedov. At the reception at the Emperor Griboyedov is awarded the Order of Anna of the second degree with diamonds and four thousand chervonets, which he immediately gives to his mother Nastasya Feodorovna, a selfish whorl. Griboyedov is indifferent to what is happening, he is dry and “yellow as a lemon.” Alien for everyone, he maintains friendship only with “the most amusing of all literary bastards” Faddey Bulgarin, which does not prevent him, however, to make a love affair with his wife Thaddeus – Lenochka.
Griboyedov developed a project for the transformation of Transcaucasia, not by force of arms, but economically, proposed the creation
of a single society of capitalist producers there. He seeks support from the Minister of Foreign Affairs Nesselrode and the director of the department Rodofinikina. At the same time, Dr. McNeil, a member of the English mission in Tabriz, who is leading his intrigues in Persia, has time to visit Rhodophyinikin. Through McNeil, Griboyedov receives a letter from Samson Khan, former sergeant Samson Makintsev, who captured Islam and led a Russian battalion that took part in the war on the side of the Persians. Samson Khan, along with other “voluntary prisoners,” does not want to return to the “former homeland”.
After an audience with Nicholas I, Griboedov was appointed Russia’s plenipotentiary minister in Persia and was promoted to the rank of State Councilor. The project is hidden in a long box. At a dinner at the Bulgarin Griboedov read excerpts from his new tragedy, talking with Pushkin. Fast and successful Pushkin, despite his benevolence, causes irritation in Griboyedov. With a sense of resentment, the poet-diplomat Petersburg leaves, realizing that, having instructed him to get
the indemnity from the Persians (“kurours”), the authorities send him “to be devoured.”
Griboyedov is accompanied everywhere by a servant Sashka, Alexander Gribov. In Ekaterinograd they are joined by Griboedov’s appointed secretary Maltsov and Dr. Adelung. In Tiflis, Griboedov meets his fiancee Nina Chavchavadze, receives a blessing for marriage from her parents. At this time, here comes with trophies from Persia, the consolidated Guards Regiment, which included many participants in the uprising on the Senate Square in 1825. Two officers speak about Griboyedov, whom they saw on the terrace “in a well-worn uniform,” and one of them condemns the author ” Sorrow from the mind, “which, in his opinion, came down to” the degrees of the known. “
In the Caucasus, Griboedov visits the commander-in-chief Count Paskevich, who passes the Griboedov project to the exiled Decembrist Burtsev. But, alas, this liberal does not support his former adherent: “For the reason that you want to create a new aristocracy of money, I will do your utmost to destroy your project.” Griboedov suffers a severe fever, and then receives the highest command to leave Tiflis. He is crowned with Nina and, together with her, leaves for Persia, where he will henceforth be called Vazir-Mukhtar in accordance with a high rank.
Having started a new position, Griboyedov faces serious difficulties. The Persians, wiped out by war, are not in a position to pay kurur. Paskevich, who is suffering in the Caucasus, demands the withdrawal of Russian subjects from Persia. Leaving Nina in Tabriz, Griboyedov goes to Teheran, where he appears to the Persian shah. Living in a beautiful house, appropriate to his title, Vazir-Mukhtar increasingly feels loneliness and anxiety. Servant Sasha is brutally beaten in the market. Griboyedov gives shelter to two women from the Caucasus, once abducted by the Persians and now fleeing the harem. The Russian embassy finds refuge and eunuch Khodja-Mirza-Yakub, an Armenian by birth, a former Russian subject. All this causes an acute dislike of Vazir-Mukhtar by the adherents of Sharia. With the tacit consent of the Shah, they declare a holy war – “jahat” to the hated “
A sinister and noisy crowd approaches the house of Vazir-Mukhtar: mullahs, blacksmiths, merchants, thieves with severed hands. Griboyedov commands the Cossacks, but the defense can not be kept long. Ozernevshie fanatics kill Khoja Mirza-Yakub, Sashka, Dr. Adelunga. Only cowardly secretary Maltsev manages to survive, bribing Persian guards and hiding in a collapsed carpet.
Vazir-Mukhtar is torn to pieces by people who consider him guilty of wars, hunger, harassment, crop failure. His head is planted on a pole, the body is dragged along the streets of Tehran for three days, and then thrown into a cesspool. At this time in Nina, a dead child is born in Tiflis.
Prince Khozrev-Mirza comes to St. Petersburg to settle the incident with a precious diamond Nadir-Shah as a gift to the emperor. The ill-fated Tehran incident is committed to eternal oblivion. The Russian government demands only to extradite the body of Vazir-Mukhtar. “Griboyeda” is searched in a ditch among the corpses, they find the body of a one-armed man, they put their hand on the ring. “It turned out Griboyed.” In a simple wooden board the body is transported on an arb in Tiflis. On the way, the arb meets the mounted man in a cap and black burk – it’s Pushkin. “What are you taking?” – “The Griboyed.”