Anton Pavlovich Chekhov (17 (29) January 1860, Taganrog, Ekaterinoslav Province (now – Rostov Region) – 2 (15) July 1904, Badenweiler, Germany) – Russian writer, playwright, doctor. The author of short stories, novels and plays, is recognized as one of the greatest writers in world literature. Almost the entire adult life, Chekhov was a practicing physician. “Medicine is my lawful wife, and literature is a mistress,” he said.
Chekhov created new moves in literature, greatly influencing the development of the modern story. The originality of his creative method consists in using a reception called the “stream of consciousness”, later adopted by James Joyce and other modernists and lack of the final morals, so necessary to the structure of the classic story of the time. Chekhov did not seek to give answers to the reading public, but believed that the role of the author was to ask questions, rather than answer them.
In 1896, after the failure of the Seagull, Chekhov, who had written several plays by that time, renounced the theater. However, in 1898, the production of the Seagull of the Moscow Art Theater, founded by Stanislavsky and Nemirovich-Danchenko, had a huge success with the public and critics, which inspired Anton Chekhov to create three more masterpieces – the plays Uncle Vanya, Three Sisters and “The Cherry Orchard”.