Actors (shortened list).
Mikhailo Ivanovich Moshkin, 50 years old. lively, busy, good-natured.
Pyotr Ilyich Vilitsky, 23 years old. indecisive, weak, self-interested man.
Rodion Karlovich von Funk, 29 years old. Cold, dry creature.
Philip Yegorovich Shpundik, landowner of 45 years. with claims of education.
Marya Vasilievna Belova, an orphan who lives near Moshkin, is 19 years old.
Ekaterina Savishna Pryazhkina, Maria Vasilyevna’s aunt, 48 years old. A naughty, tearful gossip.
The action takes place in St. Petersburg.
Mikhailo Ivanovich Moshkin, a 50-year-old official, collegiate assessor, invited his friends to dinner. In addition to Mikhailo Ivanovich himself and the 19-year-old orphan Masha who lives with him, Masha’s fiancé is present, 23-year-old collegiate secretary Pyotr Ilyich Vilitsky, (“indecisive, weak, self-interested”), Masha’s aunt, (talkative goblin “), landowner Shpundik, (with some “pretensions to education”), with whom Moshkin was familiar about 20 years ago, Masha’s groom brought a friend, Rodion Karlovich Fonka, titular counselor, 29. This creature is “cold,” limited, for whose main money, career, secular condition in fact.
Modest Moshkin’s apartment, an unskillful cook, and Moshkin himself, trusting, poor, sincere – all this makes a pity impression on Fonka. And the bride! Lack of
Then the groom in his “inner monologue” also said: “She is timid, wild… in the world she has never lived… Of course, from whom did she borrow… this… well, these manners, at last… not from Mikhail Ivanovich really… Moreover, she is so kind, she loves me… Yes, and I love her. (With fervor) .Isn’t I saying that I do not like her? .. But that’s it. .. I agree with Fonk: education is an important thing, very important thing. ”
And about the career of Fonck alone with Vilicki spoke frankly.
“Of course, you can continue your service by marrying, there’s no arguing, but that’s it, Pyotr Ilyich: you can reach the end with time, but who does not prefer the shortest path? Diligence, diligence, accuracy – all this does not remain without a reward, and brilliant abilities are also very useful in the bureaucrat: they pay him attention to their superiors, but the connections, Peter Ilyich, connections, good acquaintances, are extremely important in the light. “I already told you my rule about avoiding close relations with people of the lowest circle; this rule naturally follows another, namely: try to get to know the highest people as much as possible, and it’s not even too difficult. In society, Pyotr Ilyich, always ready to receive an active, modest, educated official, and once adopted in a good society, he can eventually conclude advantageous batch “
In the first act, hardly appeared in the house Moshkina, Fonck, seizing the moment, asked the groom: “- Your bride… in fact… it’s not a big state?
” – She has nothing, “- confidently recognized groom.
Gradually the soul lovers embracing doubt.
He first tear, can not decide on anything.
“- But listen, Rodion Karlych.. what do you want me now from her is gone… I now have to go to the end?. How do you want me to lose this responsibility? Yes you will be the first to despise me… ”
And now the break has almost come: the groom does not appear for a long time. Moshkin, sincerely attached to the orphan Masha, the daughter of a deceased neighbor, the poor widow of a petty official, tells Shpundik his doubts.
“Well, let’s say, after that dinner, remember that something he did not like… I went to him, explained to him, well, brought him here, Masha cried, forgave him… well. it’s all right, is not it? .. The next day he arrives, and he brought another hotel, he turned around for a minute – look… he left… He said: “business.” The next day he was not at all… Then he came again, I have been silent for almost an hour, and, almost all the time, I was silent, I know about the wedding, they say, that is, how and when… it’s time, yes, yes – and only, but since then it has disappeared again. , n but the note does not
answer. Finally, a letter from Vilitsky comes: “After a long and long struggle with himself,” he came to a difficult decision: “
Moshkin wants to immediately flee to the treacherous bridegroom.
“You two years go to our house, they accept you as your own, share with you the last penny, … the wedding is already appointed, and you… oh – oh – oh… This can not end so. .. No no…”.
Particularly outraged by his postscript at the end of the letter: “I’ll pay all my debts in full.”
“- Yes, I do not want from him!”
But the explanation of Moshkin and the bridegroom did not take place: the groom left the apartment and “did not tell where.”
And then Masha declares that she must “move out” from Moshkin:
“Everyone will say: he refused, well, what is it? She’s a foster child, a child, she eats bread for nothing… And she does not want to work.”? .. ”
Moshkin in horror:”
“First I’ll move to my aunt, and then I’ll look: maybe I’ll find a place somewhere.”
But her aunt, says Moshkin, herself lives in another closet behind the partition, along with various rubbish.
“Masha (somewhat offended), I’m not afraid of poverty.”
And Moshkin is so lonely! “You judge: I only live for you… After all, your absence will kill me… Masha, take pity on the poor old man… What did I do to you? ..”
Moshkin wants to protect her: “or I’ll arrange everything as before, or I will challenge him to a duel…
Masha (in a gasping voice) Listen, Mikhailo Ivanitch, I’m telling you: if you do not give up your intention now, I, in God’s eyes, are in your eyes… Well, I do not know… I’m depriving myself of life. “
In the end, in order to save the orphan from wandering, searching for a piece of bread, from humiliation, Moshkin, a self-sacrificing man, is ready to fictitiously marry Masha: to legalize her position.
But she believes him so, he loves him so much that she decides to marry him not fictitiously, but for real. Everyone is happy.
So, the prudent greed of the Petersburg officials, and against her background – islets of kindness, sincerity. Everything in this case ends safely, as usual in Turgenev’s plays; but the possibility of tragedy is always somewhere nearby: this is the social structure of life.
Breakfast at the head
Canteen. Morning. A set table with a snack. The action takes place in the estate of the leader of the local nobility. Nikolai Ivanovich Balagolayev invited one of his neighbors, a judge and a former leader in the morning, to resolve the dispute between Kaurova, the 45-year-old widow of the lieutenant and her brother, landowner Ferapont Bezpandin, a retired college registrar. The dispute lasts for three years. Both of them, Kaurova and Bespandin, a native aunt left her estate by will, and they, as the leader says: “Well, they can not share, even if you crack” …
Both are terribly obstinate and mercilessly bargaining; on the stubbornness of his sister – a kind of Gogol’s Box of Dead Souls, only more aggressive and impudent. Gogol himself attended the reading of the comedy; according to his contemporaries, he said about Kaurov: “A woman is good”!
“It came to the court before the trial, the higher authorities were asked to give petitions: have they long to trouble?” Says the leader. “So I finally decided to stop, so to speak, with a firm hand the root of evil, stop, finally, today I have a date for a meeting, but this is the last time, and there I will take other measures… Let the court sort them out. ”
At first the widow pretends to be obedient to the sheep: “I agree with everything, I am a gentle man… I will not contradict Nikolai Ivanovich, where I am, I’m a widow defenseless: I’m hoping for you… And Ferapont Ilyich (her brother) wants me. .. Well, God be with him, if only the children did not kill the children.
Then the swara begins.
“- Here, you see – with what is the main difficulty: Mr. Bespandin and sister they do not want to live in the same house; therefore, the estate should be divided and section it is not possible – says in the course of the leader of the dispute.!.
Finally Bespandin ready to concede house, but hopes for a reward.
“Kaurova. Nikolay Ivanovich! It’s a trick. This is a trick on his part, Nikolai Ivanovich! He hopes to get the best land, hemp, and so on. What’s his home for? He has his own. And my aunt’s house is bad without that…
Bespandin. If he is so bad…
Kaurov. I will not give up the hemp. Have mercy! I’m a widow, I have children… What will I do without hemp, judge for yourself.
Bespandin. If he is bad…
Kaurov. Your will…
Bespandin. If he is so bad, give it to me and let you be rewarded.
Kaurov. Yes! I know your rewards! .. some tiny badge, a stone on a rock, or, even worse, a marsh some where there is a reed, which even peasant cows do not eat!
Balagalayev. There is no such swamp in your estate…
Kaurova. Well, not a swamp, so something else like that. No, the reward… I humbly thank you: I know what these rewards are! ”
Finally, Alupkin, one of the landowners, who only recently settled in these places, can not stand it.
” – What do all the women in this district have?
“There are worse things,” the neighbor, the poor landowner Mirvolin, answers.
Kaurova Alupkina still later reprimands, having seized the right moment: “Why do you do this to me, my master, or do you have such a custom in Tambov?” Whence suddenly appeared, no one knows, no one knows, and what kind of person the Lord knows, but look at you, how to fight! ”
And later, and then it will be: “You’re crazy! He’s crazy.”
And Bespandin at some point will take up arms against him:
“Dear Sir, let me find out from what right…
Alupkin: Do you intercede for your sister?”
Bespandin: “Not at all for my sister: my sister is my fuck!” but I am for the honor of the name. ”
But the leader tried to solve the problem after all:
“Gentlemen, ladies and gentlemen, allow me, let me… I must ask you to keep silent for a while.” I propose the following: we will now divide the entire dacha into two sections, one will be a house with a farmstead, and to the other a somewhat extra land Let’s add, and let them then choose.)
Bespandin: I agree,
Kaurova, and I do not agree. ”
Balagalayev: Why do not you agree?”
Kaurova: “Who will have to choose the first one?”
Balagalayev: “We’ll cast lots for
Kaurova. ” ” Guard, Lord, and have mercy!” What are you talking about, for nothing in the world, are we some kind of nihrist? “
Balagalayev orders the clerk to read through his notebook the original draft of the section. But there are endless details… “The direction of the line from the point, A” … “Up to point B, at the corner of the dam…” “The owner of the first site is obliged to relocate two yards to his account in the second plot, and evicted peasants using hemp two years…”.
Kaurov. I do not intend to emigrate peasants, I do not intend to give in. ”
These ridiculous, bazaar disputes drag on for a long time.
” But where is the nobility’s honor, education, nobility? Alas, anything can happen in any class.
After long disputes, ridiculous insults, the reader is ready to repeat after the leader: “The head seems to be coming around… Excuse me, gentlemen… I’m not able… I do not understand what you’re saying to me, I can not, I can not, I can not! ”
“Well, let’s have a drink, Mirvolin, let’s drink,” the judge of one of the present, poor landowner, is calling. “There is an amicable sharing for you!” “The
life and customs of the landlord environment.” The situation is heavy and unhappy, the struggle for one’s interests is fierce. “But what about the wordless serfs?